Stewart County and the Civil War

This page is dedicated to information regarding soldiers and citizens of Stewart County in the Civil War. Probably no complete listing of Stewart countians in this war exists, however it will be possible with research and contributions from researchers to come up with a list of men serving on each side of the war, as well as other relevant information. Please feel free to e-mail with contributions for this site.

Civil War Regiments of Stewart Co.

Known Stewart Co. soldiers contributed by researchers

Excerpt from Clarksville Chronicle, 1862

Links to information on regiments of Stewart Co.

Information on 50th Tennessee Regiment

Interesting Civil War Links

Explanation of Civil War Infantry Organization

Surrender House/Dover Hotel photo and Links to Information about the Battle of Fort Donelson

Searchable Database by Unit Designation or Common Name

Jim Bailey's Surrender House Photo Album

Jim Bailey's Fort Donelson Photo Album

Captain James Gray's Company

Stewart County Confederate Pension Applications
(TN State Library & Archives)

150th Anniversary Tribute to the defenders of Fort Henry

Citizen oaths of allegiance signatures, 1862-1864

Civil War Regiments of Stewart County Tennessee

Confederate Regiments

14th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, Companies "D","E",and "F"
50th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, Companies "B", "F", "H", and I

The 50th. regiment Tennessee Infantry was organized December 25, 1861, some of the companies having previously served in a temporary battalion. The regiment was captured at Ft. Donelson Tennssee, February 16,1862; released at Vicksburg, Mississippi September 20, 1862, and immediately re- organized; and declared exchanged at Aikens Landing, Virginia, November 10, 1862. About November 10,1862, it was temporarily consolidated with the 1st. (Colms') battalion Tennessee infantry, but each company of the two organizations was mustered separately and under it's original designation during the period covered by this consolidation. By S.O. No.45, A & I. G. O., dated February 24,1864, it was permanently consolidated with the1st(Colms') battalionTennessee infantry and formed the 50th. Regiment Tennessee infantry (Consolidated). This information from Earl Cagle,

The 14th Tennessee Infantry regiment was organized in May, 1861, some companies being organized at Camp Duncan, Clarksville, and some at Fort Donelson. For most of the war, the 14th was in the Army of Northern Virginia under the command of Robert E. Lee, and fought at some of the major battles of the War, including Second Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.

Federal Regiments


Known Stewart County Soldiers of the Civil War

(contributed by county researchers utilizing this site)

Jethro Bass - 14th Tn. Reg.
            #14892-application for pension
            Contributed by Leslie Moore


James Pickney Bennett - Co. D, 50th TN Infantry
            enlisted 20 Sep 1861 at Ft. Donelson by Col. McGavock; was captured with the regiment and sent to Camp Douglas; Rejoined his regiment when exchanged at Vicksburg
            Discharged March 1863 - disabled
            Contributed by Jerry Timson


Benjamin Taylor Bogard - 8th Regt., Kentucky Cavalry (CSA)
            b. Jan. 27, 1847, d. Aug. 12, 1923
            Served under Nathan Bedford Forrest. He was born in Stewart County and lived there most of his life, but he eventually moved to Clarksville and is buried there with his wife, Cynthia Ann Cobb Bogard, in Greenwood Cemetery.
            Contributed by Robert Bogard


Solomon Dawson Boyte - Pvt., Co. D, 50th TN Infantry
            b. Mar. 6, 1826, d. Mar. 21, 1864, Son of Lemuel E. and Sarah (Dawson) Boyte
            Contributed by Stephen Moody


Henry A. Brake – Private, Co. F, 14th TN Infantry

            Enlisted 18 May 1861 at Fort Donelson

            Captured August 1863 and sent to Fort Mifflin, PA

            Released January 1864

            Settled in Philadelphia, PA

            Died in 1926 in Wilmington, DE

            Brother of Thomas Brake


Thomas Brake – Private, Co. F, 14th TN Infantry

            Brother of Henry A. Brake


Nathan Brandon - Lt. Colonel, 14th TN Infantry


            Born Jan. 20, 1820 in Stewart Co.

            Captain, Co. E, 14th TN in 1861

            Major, 14th TN June 6, 1861

            Lt. Col., Nov. 1, 1861

            Dropped in the 1862 re-org.

            Paroled at the Ft. Donelson surrender

            Wounded 7 times.

            Served in the TN Legislature after the war

            Married four times

            Died in Dover April 20, 1891


Albert C. Brigham - Private, Co. B. 1st TN Infantry
            Contributed by Kenneth E. Byrd


James H. Brigham - Private, Co. C, 33rd TN Infantry
            Contributed by Kenneth E. Byrd


John F. Brigham - 14th TN Infantry
            Contributed by Kenneth E. Byrd


Marion M. Brigham – Private, Co. C, 33rd TN Infantry
            Contributed by Kenneth E. Byrd


Alfred James Byrd - Private, Co. F; 50th TN Infantry
            Contributed by Kenneth E. Byrd


George Wesley Byrd - Private, Co. B (Taylor's); 1st TN Artillery
            Contributed by Kenneth E. Byrd


Robert Payne Byrd - Private, Co. F; 9th/12th Missouri Infantry; C.S.A.
            Contributed by Kenneth E. Byrd


Robert Thomas Buchanan - Pvt. Co. B, 50th TN Infantry.
            He was captured at Ft. Donelson, sent to Camp Douglas and exchanged at Vicksburg. He "deserted" on or about Dec. 20, 1862 in Graves Port, MS. It is unknown whether he returned to duty.
            The family moved to East Texas in the 1890's and he died in Nacogdoches on Nov. 20, 1919.
            Contributed by Joe Allport


William B. Buchanan - Pvt., Captain F.J. Wheeler's TN Light Artillery Co. (1st TN Artillery)
            He was at Ft. Henry, but he left on a hospital boat prior to the surrender. He died on Sept. 9, 1872 in Dover. He probably served in another unit......still researching.
            Contributed by Joe Allport


John Cross - Sgt., Co. B; 14th TN Infantry

John Cross served in the 14th Tennessee Infantry during the Civil War. He joined the regiment at Camp Duncan, Tennessee, on May 17, 1861. He enlisted at the rank of private and was promoted to the rank of Sergeant.

On December 13, 1862, in the Battle of Fredricksburg, John Cross was wounded when he was shot in the foot. He was treated at Wayside Hospital #9 and sent to Chimborazzo Hospital in Richmond, Virginia for treatment of a gunshot wound to the right foot. He lost two toes from the wound. He returned to duty on August 8, 1862. In his application for a Tennessee Civil War pension, he wrote, "I was wounded in the heat of battle at Fredricksburg." He also stated that he returned to his regiment early, preferring that to the hospital.

John returned to duty and received new clothing at Camp Winder, Virginia. He arrived on May 3, 1863, in time to engage in the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was again wounded in this battle. He was treated at Wayside and Receiving Hospital #9 and was then sent to Chimborazzo Hospital #1 in Richmond. He was treated for a leg wound. John described this wound, "I was shot in the thigh about halfway between my knee and hip and the ball ranged up came out under my hip bone, which gave me much pain. In 1906, Dr. Glasgow wrote in John Cross' pension application, "I find him suffering from nervous tremble, known as palsy, caused from the wound he got in the hip and thigh. I have been his physician for 10-12 years and noticed this tremble increasing all the time. He is unable to do manual labor at all. While he can walk some, he can't use his hands, they are continually shaking all the time. He is disabled from any work and will continue to get worse."

John Cross recovered from this wound and returned for duty on September 2, 1863. His hospitalization had caused him to miss two major battles, Gettysburg (July 1-5, 1863) and Falling Waters (July 14, 1863).

W. F. Thomas, and J. M. Lewis, two old friends, wrote about John Cross, "He was a good and true soldier, who fought from the first of the war to the finish & he has his parole he got at Lee's surrender. He has been an upright honorable citizen ever since the war and is totally disable to do any work as his hands shake so he can't write his name.

After the war John remained an unreconstructed rebel. He answered the question on his pension application, Did you sign a loyalty oath by writing in a very large "NO"

John returned from the war to Stewart and Houston Counties in Tennessee where he lived the remainder of his life. He raised a large family of twelve children. His occupations included mining iron ore, blacksmithing, and farming. He died at his farm in Houston County, Tennessee, on July 4, 1906.
Contributed by Tommy Allen


Samuel Stacker Cross - Sgt., Co. B; 50th TN Infantry
            brother of John Cross
            Contracted measles while in service and died from complications of the disease in 1868.


Uriah Green Dowdy - Pvt., Co. I, 50th TN Infantry
            enlisted 11/28/61 at Dover, TN
            captured POW at Fort Donelson, TN 2/16/62
            sent to prison at Camp Douglas, IL
            admitted to USA Prison Hospital, Camp Douglas, IL 7/28/62 with pneumonia
            died at USA Prison Hospital, Camp Douglas, IL 9/7/62
            buried Confederate Mound, Oak Woods Cemetery, Camp Douglas, Chicago, IL.
            Born circa 1825 in TN
            husband of Jane Dowdy.

            Contributed by Kent Baggett


Andrew Jackson Gardner - Pvt., Captain F.J. Wheeler's TN Light Artillery Co. (1st TN Artillery)

He was captured at Ft. Henry and sent to Alton, Illinois. He took the Oath and was discharged on March 20, 1862. On Dec. 7, 1862, he enlisted as a private in Co. E, 10th TN (DeMoss's) Cavalry. He was still serving in May of 1863, but there are no more entries in his military record. He died in Dover in 1890.
Contributed by Joe Allport


Joseph Griffin - Pvt., Co. I, 8th TN Cavalry (4th Regiment)

(Note that there were two Joseph Griffin's living in Stewart County at the same time). My Joseph Griffin was born About 1802/07 in North Carolina. He married Rebecca, last name unknown, who was born About 1814. The Civil War info I've found is as follows:

I know from recent evidence found in a book titled, "Tennesseans In the Civil War", that Joseph was enlisted in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Joseph enlisted as a private in the 8th (Baxter Smith's) Cavalry, Company I and was later known as the 4th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry. Joseph was enlisted on June 15, 1862 in Overton County by Capt. McMillan. However, Joseph appears on a list of Rebel Deserters who have taken the oath at the Provost Marshal General's Office, Knoxville, Tenn., from Dec. 29, 1863, to Jan. 31, 1864. Joseph was present on May 28, 1863 and was never paid.

After locating military records which indicate that Joseph had deserted the Confederate Army we find the following regimental history also located in the book titled, "Tennesseans in the Civil War".

A regimental report dated June 30, 1963, gives an account of the regiment's activities up until that time; "The regiment marched from Shelbyville to Fort Donelson via Franklin, Triune and Charlotte, a distance of 125 miles, the men suffering greatly both to and from the place. The fight resulted in our losing 26 men killed and wounded. Back to Shelbyville, then to Woodbury (60 miles); engaged several times with the enemy, being on picket duty there we were twice surrounded, losing about 70 killed wounded and missing, the killed and captured about 80 men (sic).

No evidence was located which states that Joseph was killed. However, when the bodies of the troops were not located, it was not uncommon for them to be listed as missing or as deserters. So, more than likely, Joseph was among those killed during this battle.

Currently, I am still trying to locate Joseph's family in 1870. Note that Rebecca did not draw a pension from the State of Tennessee. To date, I've been unsuccessful in locating the family in 1870. I must assume that most of the family didn't live past the end of the Civil War.

John Griffin, Joseph's youngest son, told some of his grandchildren, that his father had died during the Civil War, however, he never elaborated on any of the details. John was only 10 years old when the Civil War ended in 1865. He did say that they came from a place called "Chimney Rock or Standing Rock". I've been unable to locate either of these place names in North Carolina.
Contributed by Nancy J. Putman
15785 Evans Road
Athens, AL
35611-7350 (alternate e-mail)


James M. Hamm - Pvt., Co. H, 50th TN Infantry
            b. ca. 1841, d. aft 1880, Son of Moses F. and Caroline (Scarborough) Hamm
            Contributed by Stephen Moody


Edmond Albert Hogan - Pvt., Co. H, 50th TN Infantry
            b. 1834, son of William and Jane (Andrews) Hogan
            Enlisted November 28, 1861 at Fort Donelson
            Captured February 16, 1862 at Fort Donelson
            Imprisoned at Camp Douglas, Illinois
            Admitted to hospital May 8, 1862 for pulmonary infection
            Scheduled to be exchanged at Vicksburg, but remained sick at Camp Douglas
            Died in prison on September 8, 1862, of consumption
            Name appears on a muster roll at Tilton, GA, January 26, 1864, age 26
            Contributed by Jim Long


James W. Hogan - Pvt., Co. D, 14th TN Infantry
            b. 1844, son of William and Jane (Andrews) Hogan
            Enlisted May 18, 1861 at Fort Donelson
            d. Aug. 1, 1861 (cause unknown)
            Contributed by Jim Long


John Randle Hogan - Pvt., Co. D, 14th TN Infantry
            b. Jan. 28, 1841, d. Sept. 11, 1893, son of William and Jane (Andrews) Hogan
            Enlisted May 18, 1861 at Fort Donelson
            Captured April 2, 1865 at the fall of Petersburg and sent to Ft. Delaware; released May 5, 1865
            Note: only one of 5 brothers who fought and survived the War
            Contributed by great-great grandson Jim Long


Marcus Lafayette Hogan - Pvt., Co. G, 14th TN Infantry
            b. 1843, son of William and Jane (Andrews) Hogan
            Enlisted May 22, 1861 at Camp Duncan, Clarksville
            Captured December 13, 1862 at Fredericksburg
            Died January 1, 1863 at 2AM, Camp Lincoln, District of Columbia, from hemorrhage after amputation of his right leg just below the knee, age 22
            Contributed by Jim Long


William C. "Buck" Hogan - Cpl., Co. G, 14th TN Infantry
            b. 1838, d. Oct. 12, 1864, son of William and Jane (Andrews) Hogan
            Enlisted May 22, 1861 at Camp Duncan, Clarksville
            Wounded May 31, 1862 (Battle of Seven Pines, VA)
            Died October 12, 1864 in hospital at Richmond (Chimborazo Hospital No. 3)
            Contributed by Jim Long


George Randolph Keel - Pvt./5 Sgt./3 Sgt., Co. B, 50th TN Infantry
            b. 1836 in Stewart County, d. after 1880, son of William & Harriett (Walker) Keel
            age 24, enlisted 9/9/61 at Cumberland City, TN
            captured POW at Fort Donelson, TN 2/16/62
            sent to prison at Camp Douglas, IL
            POW at Camp Douglas, IL, sent to Vicksburg, MS 9/5/62 to be exchanged
            POW received on board steamer Jno. H. Done near Vicksburg, MS 9/20/62
            on 8/1/62—11/1/62 Muster Roll as present as 5 Sgt.
            on May/June 1863 Muster Roll as present as 3 Sgt.
            deserted at Morton, MS 8/15/63.
            Contributed by great-great grandson Tony Earhart


John Coleman Keel - Pvt., Co. K, 50th TN Infantry
            b. 3 Jan 1841, d. 2 Jun 1914, Son of Nathaniel and Martha (Hudson) Keel
            Contributed by Stephen Moody


George Rufus Lewis - 49th Tn. Reg. H Co.; Pvt.
            Indian Mound
            Contributed by Ricky Butts


Henry Green Lewis - 50th Tn. Reg. D; 2nd Lieutenant
            Wounded at Chattanooga; September 25, 1863
            Contributed by Ricky Butts


Jeremiah George Lewis - 50th Tn. Reg. D; 3rd Sgt.
            Wounded at Missionary Ridge; lost an eye
            Contributed by Ricky Butts


Robert Theodore Mockbee

            born at Dover August 17, 1841

            enlisted in Co. B, 14th TN Infantry in 1861 at Palmyra

            at the time of the battle of Chancellorsville, he was on special detached duty in Tennessee, and was captured and imprisoned at Nashville.  He escaped after a few days and rejoined his regiment in Virginia

            in 1866, he married Kate Mobley at Chester, SC, and lived there 27 years

            died July 20, 1922 at the home of his granddaughter, Mrs. H. M. Rhodes, Memphis


Robert A. Moody - Pvt., Co. D, 50th TN Infantry
            b. 19 Nov. 1836, d. 20 Apr. 1862, Son of Elijah W. and Nancy (Wynn) Moody
            captured at the fall of Fort Henry, died in the Union POW camp on Island No. 10, in the Mississippi River
            Contributed by Stephen Moody


W. A. Moore - Capt., Co. A, 50th TN Infantry

"War Record of Captain W. A. Moore, Halls, Tennessee"
"I am an old soldier, and am proud of my cross of honor."
"When the Civil War began, I was bookkeeper for Mr. John Wyly of Waverly. I went to Cumberland City, my father and mother's home, William and Mary (Lewis) Moore. We soon had a company of one hundred men, and I was honored with the Captaincy of Company A, Sharpshooters, in the 50th Tennessee Regiment, Infantry. Brother Burk was First Lieutenant, Brother John was a Non-Commissioned Officer. We were ordered from Fort Donaldson to Fort Henry: that was our first battle. We fought at Fort Donaldson until General Buckner surrendered to General Grant. Burk and I, with many others, were sent to Johnson Island, Lake Erie, and were exchanged at Vicksburg."
"I was ranking Colonel until the regiment could be organized. I had a battery of coolies***how they loved to fight!"
"I also had two companies of infantry: Esq. Jack Rogers belonged to one of them. When we got home, we often spoke about where we had met last. Several fo my men were in the hospital at Port Hudson: George Fentress died there. We were at Fort Gibson, Mobile, Grenada, Meredian, Jackson, Missionary Ridge, Chicamauga, Lookout Mountain, and also in the celebrated "Hundred Days Fight". I was captured at Kennesaw Mountain and sent again to Johnson Island, where I was kept until the war was ended. Lieutenant Jim Johnson died there. Lawyer Hugh McAdoo loaned us money to get clothes."
"My brother and I got home to our praying and happy parents: it was a happy meeting."
"I am eighty years old: God has never forsaken me, and I thank Him for friends and loved ones."
W. A. Moore, Box 150, Halls, Tennessee
Contributed by Terry Cox


George Cord Robertson - Private, Co. E, 14th Tennessee Infantry

Enlisted in Dover on May 18, 1861.
Captured at Fredricksburg, Va. December 13, 1862, paroled but not exchanged.
Captured again at Middleton, Penn. July 4, 1863 after Gettysburg and sent to Ft. Deleware
Paroled at Ft. Deleware and sent to City Point, Virginia February 27, 1865; he was present with his old Company on that date.
Pension application #W738
From great-grandson Ron Simpkins, "In my g grandmothers application for his pension an S.D. Scarbourgh and a T.S. Sikes were witnesses to his civil war service. They both served with him, both hot names in Stewart County History. My g aunt Florence Robertson Dobson, lived next door to the old Dover Hotel (now Surrender House). There was a picture of my g grandfather in it when it was a museum back in early 50s in his uniform. All that stuff just up and disappeared. I have a lot of info on my Robertson's from Dover if you would like me to send any more. My g grandfather G.C. Robertson and my g grandmother Mary Eads Robertson ran the Robertson Hotel in Dover for over 40 years. It was tore down in 1974, was used by Federal Troops as a Hospital during the battles at Dover and Ft. Donelson."
Contributed by Ron Simpkins


George Washington Sanders - Private, Co. D, 50th Tennessee Infantry

Enrolled at Fort Donelson, September 20, 1861 by Lieutenant Colonel MacGavock.
Captured Fort Donelson February 16, 1862, sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois.
Released at Vicksburg, Mississippi, on September 20, 1862 as part of POW exchange. Officially declared exchanged on November 10, 1862. The greater part of the enlisted men were reorganized September 23, 1862; temporarily consolidated with 1st (Colm’s) Tennessee Battalion, November, 1862; consolidation made permanent and new organization made February, 1864.
Muster Rolls show him present for August 1 to October 31, 1862, they also show that he did not receive any pay until December of 1863 when he received $44.00.
George was wounded on the arm on September 19, 1863 at Chickamauga. He was back with the 50th at Tilton, Georgia January 26, 1864, appeared on a register of the invalid Corps at Lauderdale, Mississippi November 11, 1865, and it appears that he was back on duty February 3, 1865.
Paroled as a private, Greensboro, North Carolina May 2, 1865 as part of 2nd consolidated Tennessee Infantry Regiment.
Married Susan Caroline ‘Callie’ Champion May 22, 1876 in Stewart County, Tennessee, immigrated to Marion County, Arkansas in 1885.
Died Marion County, Arkansas, April 30, 1917
Callie applied for, and received Confederate Pension from the state of Arkansas on August 15, 1917.
Contributed by Roger & Judy Lehman


S. D. Scarborough - Private, Co. E, 14th Tennessee Infantry


T. S. Sikes - Private, Co. E, 14th Tennessee Infantry


Green McFerrin Sizemore - Pvt., Co. C, 34th TN Infantry
            b 1 Aug 1835, d. 10 Nov 1916, Son of James M. and Sarah (Baker) Sizemore
            Contributed by Stephen Moody


Samuel Evans Spurgin - Pvt., Co. F, 14th TN Infantry

Enrolled at Ft. Donelson 18 May '61.
Wounded at Seven Pines, Va., 31 May '62.
"Admitted 1 June 62 to Chimborazo Hosp No 1, Richmond Va, with diarrhoea; discharged on surgeon's certificate 20 Aug 62 at Rapidan River, Va., gunshot wound which completely destroyed one eye and inflicted some injury on the brain."
He took the oath at Chattanooga, 26 May '65.
Applied for veteran's pension from Arkansas #5730, was living in Izard County on 31 Aug 1901.
He died 4 January 1912.
The Sgt. Milton E. Spurgin in Company F was, I believe, his brother.
Contributed by Ann Lawrence


Joseph Stagner - F Co. 50 th. Inf. & Williams Cav. Co., Private

Born December 27, 1841, Trigg Co; Ky; Died : May 02, 1909, Stewart Co; Tn.
After he died his widow applied for his veterans benefits. Her name : Theodocia Ann Sharder; Born : October 1856, Trigg Co; Ky.; Married : October 26, 1876, Trigg Co; Ky.; Died : 1937, Stewart Co; Tn.; Pension Benefit No ; W10917.
Joseph Stagner, was mustered into the Confederate Army on 10 Nov 1861, at Ft. Donaldson, by R.W. Mclyavock. He served from 10 Nov 1861 - 01 Aug 1862. He was absent from 01 Aug 1862 - 31 Oct 1862, because of unknown illness. He was at home sick in bed, when the surrender of Ft. Donaldson took place. One can only imagine what was wrong with him. Some type of illness that may not even be around today. However his wife Theodocia, must have done a good job nursing him back to good health.
Contributed by Earl Cagle


Reddick Sumner - Co A 50th Tenn. Inf; Confederate; Private

REDDICK SUMNER, Pvt.Company Muster Roll of the organization named above,for Nov. 10, 1861 to August 1, 1862
Enlisted:When: 10 Nov. 1861
Where: Fort Donelson, TN
By Whom: R.W. McGavock
Age: 60 years
Company Muster Roll of the organization named above.Roll dated Tilton, Whitfield Co. GA, Jan 27, 1864
Joined for duty and enrolled: When: 10 Nov. 1861
Where Ft. Donelson, TN
By Whom: St. Col R. W. McGavock
Remarks: died at Stewart Co. Tn Nov. 1861
Card Number 50141813 2173
See personal papers of J. C. ADKINS, A, 50 Reg't Tenn. Inf.
REDDICK SUMNER was the son of ISAAC and MARTHA (BITTLE) SUMNER who migrated west from Northampton Co. N.C. and were some of the first settlers of Trigg Co. KY.
Contributed by Kay Sloan


William Sumner - Co. F 50th Tenn Inf
            Contributed by Kay Sloan


James M. Taylor - Sergeant in Company H, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA
            Enlisted Nov. 28, 1861 at Ft. Donelson
            Elected 1st Corporal Nov. 28, 1861
            Captured at Ft. Donelson, Feb. 16, 1862; taken to Camp Douglas, Ill.
            Prisoner of War at Camp Douglas, Ill. until Sept., 1862, then sent to Vicksburg for POW exchange
            Appointed to Recruiting Service at Jackson, MS, Sept. 23, 1862
            Wounded in battle of Chickamauga on Sept. 19, 1863; went to Empire Hospital in Atlanta through January, 1864
            Contributed by Jim Long


William Thornton (W. T.) Thomas - Company B, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA
            Captured at Ft. Donelson, Feb. 16, 1862
            exchanged at Vicksburg
            elected Lieutenant
            served until January 1864
            buried at Cumberland City Cemetery
            Contributed by Pat Echelbarger


B.P. Vinson - Private in Company D, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA

From the National Archives, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers:
Enlisted by Lt. Col. Randal W. McGavock as a Private in Company D, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA, on September 20, 1861 (or November 28, 1861) at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, for a period of 12 months.
Made a POW at Fort Donelson, Tennessee on February 16, 1862 with surrender of the fort's garrison.
Sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois, as a POW.
Released at Vicksburg, Mississippi, on September 20, 1862 as part of POW exchange.
Officially declared exchanged on November 10, 1862.
Reported as Deserting the Army in July 1863.
At Mobile County, Alabama, on August 10, 1863 requests $88 military pay owed him. Received $77 military pay on August 12, 1863.
Reported as Captured on September 9, 1863 within the District of Corinth, Mississippi.
Report dated September 17, 1863, states he took the Oath of Allegiance and was passed home.
From the State of Tennessee Soldier's Application for Pension, No. 12,069.:
B. P. Vinson, of Model, Stewart County, Tennessee, applied for a Confederate pension from the State of Tennessee, in 1910. Application states he was born in Stewart County, Tennessee, on December 22, 1839. He has no wife. When he is able to, he attends the Government light on the Tennessee River for $10 a month pay. He also derives support from his children that he lives with. He joined the Confederate Army on November 12, 1861, as a member of Company D, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA. He states that he was engaged in fighting at Fort Donelson, First Battle of Vicksburg, Port Hudson, Raymond, Miss., Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Chickamauga, and Franklin, Tenn. Was slightly wounded at Fort Donelson. Stated he got out of the Army at Franklin, Tennessee, and did not take the Oath of Allegiance.
Contributed by: Gregory S. Miller


James C. Vinson - 2nd Sergeant in Capt. Samuel Graham's Company, designated Company D, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA

From the National Archives, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers:
Enlisted by Lt. Col. Randal W. McGavock as a 2nd Sergeant in Capt. Samuel Graham's Company, designated Company D, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA, on September 20, 1861 at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, for a period of 12 months.
Wounded at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, on February 9, 1862. Picked up on the Battlefield at Fort Donelson and taken home. Did not rejoin outfit.
From the State of Tennessee Soldier's Application for Pension, No. 4595:
James Calvin Vinson, of Tobaccoport, Stewart County, Tennessee, applied for a Confederate pension from the State of Tennessee in 1902. Application states he was born in Stewart County, Tennessee, in 1832. His wife is 76 years old and his children are all dead. His present business is Undertaker. He joined the Confederate Army in August 1861 and was sworn in sometime between the 1st and 10th of September 1861 in Company D, 50th Tennessee Infantry, CSA. Was wounded in the first skirmish at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, on February 9, 1862, which was led by Col. N. Brandon. Wound was from a shot through the right thigh which fractured the bone. Dr. R. A. Stone, the family physician, attended to the wound. The wound left him unable to return to service and has caused degradation of use of the right leg. Application was rejected on January 23, 1903, due to incomplete proof.
Contributed by: Gregory S. Miller


William Arthur Wallace and Madison Monroe Wallace - Co. D, 50th TN Infantry

Madison Monroe Wallace was born September 19, 1844 and Enlisted at age 19 on September 20 1861.
William Arthur was born date unknown, 1834.
They were brothers enlisted in the 50th Tennessee, Co D. Madison Monroe is listed as M.M. Wallace, and William Arthur is listed as W. A.Wallace . Family mythology has it that they walked to Bowling Green to join up under Simon Boliver Buckner, Cheatham's Corps. Both were captured at Fort Donelson, and shipped to Camp Douglas, Chicago, IL. They were traded in prisoner exchange at Vicksburg. Got to Shiloh the last day. Further fought at Chicamauga Creek, Chattanooga, Atlanta, Resaca, and Franklin, TN. Madison and William became separated at Franklin. Madison was captured while looking for William after being told that he had been shot, Dec 16, 1864, near Nashville. William escaped to Benton, NC where he surrendered. Madison was sent to Camp Chase, OH. He signed The Oath of Allegiance there before his release. He walked back to Bumpus Mills from there. No enlistment records have been found for their younger brother, Nathan Green Wallace.
Contributed by smith


Andrew Jackson Weaks - Co. C, 2nd Kentucky

Andrew Jackson Weaks, son of William B. Weaks and Nancy Emily (Gray) Weaks of Cumberland City, TN, enlisted with Co. C, 2nd Kentucky.
He evidently fought at Forts Henry and Donelson with Lt. General N. B. Forrest.
He fought at a place called "Cross Rodes" [sic], near Jackson.
He also fought near Triune, Farmington, Chattanooga, Chickamauga, Dalton (GA), Atlanta, etc.
His last action prior to surrender and parole at Washington, GA was to escort Pres. Davis just before his capture. I have this information from a book compiling the answers of Tennessee Civil War veterans to one of two questionnaires issued back in the '20's. I do not, unfortunately, have the title of that work, but I got it from the Long Beach Public Library in Long Beach, CA.
My maternal grandmother, Annie Emily (Weaks) McCarty (Before she died in 1971, a resident of Erin, TN), used to tell me about my ancestor, and so, when given the opportunity, looked him up in the records at our local library.
Chaplain (CPT) Wm. David Smith


Ben Ona Williams - Co. D, 14th TN Infantry
            enlisted 18 May 1861 at Fort Donelson
            promoted 26 Apr 1862
            admitted to Chimborazo Hospital No. 3, Richmond, on 6 Jun 1862
            transferred to Lynchburg on 10 Jun 1862
            killed at 2nd battle of Manassas?
            name appears on muster roll near Orange Court House, Va., 30 Mar 1864




14th Tennessee Infantry Regiment

Regimental History from Regiment Papers



50th Tennessee Infantry Regiment

Organized December 25, 1861; captured Fort Donelson; reorganized September 23, 1862; temporarily consolidated with 1st (Colms') Tennessee Battalion, November, 1862; consolidation made permanent and new organization made February, 1864; paroled Greensboro, North Carolina May 2, 1865 as part of the 2nd Consolidated Tennessee Infantry Regiment.


Colonels-George W. Stacker, Cyrus A. Sugg. Lieutenant Colonels-Cyrus A. Sugg, Harrison C. Lockhart, Thomas W. Beaumont. Majors- Harrison C. Lockhart, Christopher W. Robertson.

This regiment was organized Christmas Day 1861 at Fort Donelson from 10 Companies which had previously been mustered in there and at various other places. Captains-T. W. Beaumont (to Lieutenant colonel), Christopher W. Robertson(to Major), W.C. Allen, Co."A". Captain Beaumont had been authorized by Brigadier General W.H. Carroll to recruit a company, and swear in the individuals as recruted before a magistrate. He began the organization August 12, 1861, and completed the enrollment September 16. The men were from Montgomery, Dickson and Cheatham Counties, and the origional muster roll bore a note that the company was being organized for a regiment being assembled at Fort Donelson by Colonel Heiman, who was colonel of the 10th Tennessee Regiment, and at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. George W. Stacker (to Colonel), N.T. Allmon, George W. Pease (to Lieutenant colonel), Co"B". Enrolled September 9, 1861 at Cumberland City, Stewart County. Muster roll bears note that this company was ordered into service by Lieutenant Colonel R. W. CacGavock, and recieved by him at Fort Donelson, September 19, 1861, having been made up and organized in the Reserve Corps called for by Govenor I.G.Harris. John P. Jackson, J.T.Reid, Co."C". "The Wilson Grays." An Alabama company, enrolled at Montgomery, September 13, 1861. Samuel Graham, George Y. Williams, Co."D". Enrolled at Fort Donelson, September 20,1861 by Lieutenant Colonel MacGavock. Men From Stewart County. Cyrus A. Sugg (to Colonel), J.B. Dortch, Thomas E. Mallory, Co."E". Enrolled at Fort Donelson November 18, 1861. Men from Montgomery County. Alex C. Richards, Richard T. Hewell, James Dunn, Co. "F". Men from Stewart County. Enrolled at Fort Donelson November 10, 1861 by Lieutenant Colonel MacGavock. Andrew W. Gould, Samuel Mays, Co. "G". Enrolled at Fort Donelson November 26, 1861. Captain Gould was from Nashville, Lindsley's Annal says the company was from Davidson. Harrison C. Lockhart (to major), Elbert G. Sexton, Co."H". Enrolled November 28, 1862 at Fort Donelson. Men from Stewart County. S. William Martin (to Cavalry), Sam T. Allen, Co. "I". Enrolled November 28, 1861 at Dover, Stewart County. A.A. Wilson (to Champlin), W.W. Hobbs, T.M.Kertis, (or Curtis), Co. "K". Enrolled December 11, 1861 at Fort Donelson by Lieutenant Colonel MacGavock, from Humphreys County. Colonel Stacker resigned January 20, 1862, and Lieutenant Colonel Sugg became colonel, Major Lockhart became Lieutenant colonel and Adjutant Christopher W. Robertson ws elected major. At the reorganization in 1862 Colonel Susgg was re-elected; Lieutenant Colonel Lockhart resigned, Captain Thomas W. Beaumont was elected lieutenant Colonel and Major Robertson was re-elected. On January 2, 1862, Brigadier General Lloyd Tilghman, who had taken command at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson mentioned the 49th and 50th Tennessee Regiments as only just organized at Fort Donelson. On January 21, the 50th reported 499 present for duty, 847 present and absent on February 9, 1862 the 30th 49th, and 50th Tennessee Regiments were formed into a brigade under Colonel J.W. Head.(30th), and assigned as the garrison of the fort, and in support of the water batteries, Captain T.W. Beaumont, with Company "A" of the 50th was called upon in the afternoon of Fegruary 15 to help repel an attack on the position held by Brigadier General Simon Buckner's Division. The regiment was surrendered February 16, but about half the regiment escaped capture. On March 19, 1862 two men from the 50th were reported on a list of prisoners at Camp Butler who desired to take the oath of allegiance to the Federal government, and on April 10, a petition from men in the 42nd, 48th, 49th, and 50th Tennessee Regiments at Camp Douglas was sent to Andrew Johnson, then Military Governor of Tennessee, requestimg him to use his influence to secure permission for them to take the oath of allegiance and return to their homes. Subsequent action on this petition is unreported. The following history of the regiment is taken from a regimental return dated at Tilton, Georgia, January 26, 1864, but, unsigned: "This, the 50th Tennessee Regiment, was organized at Fort Donelson December 25, 1861, and formed a portion of the garrison at that place until the surrender of the fort on February 16, 1862, at which place and time the majority being captured, were hurled into the Northern Prisons at different points: officers at Fort Warren, Camp Chase and Johnson's Island, Ohio; (actually Fort Warren was in Massachusetts; Camp Chase in Ohio, and Johnson's Island in Illinois); the greater part of the enlisted men being sent to Camp Douglass, Illinois, alll remaining prisoners seven months, then being exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, reorganized the command at Jackson, Mississippi on 23-24 September, 1862, and entered the heavy campaigns of Mississippi and East Louisana. Took active part in engagement on Chickasaw Bayou near Vicksburg in latter part December, '62. Remained at Port Hudson, Louisiana from January 7 to May 2, 1863, enduring one good shelling in this times. Gregg's Brigade, to whickh we belonged marched from thence to Jackson, Mississippi, thence to Raymond, Mississippi where on May 12, 1863 took active part in engagement which lasted several hours. When forced by a whole corps, retired slowly to Jackson. Spent the summer months marching thru the state. On July 9, entered the rifle pits at Jackson, fought the enemy till July 16, fell back to Morton, thence to Enterprise, Mississippi. Left for Tennessee Army, unfortunately being on a train that ran in collision with another engine, there losing nearly 100 of our little command. Went into Battle of Chickamauga with 190 men engaged on November 25, 1863 at Missionary Ridge, losing 36. N.B. We regret to say that our much beloved Colonel Sugg died on the 25th inst. News just received." Brigadier General John Gregg's Brigade, to which the report refers, was organized by Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton, December 27, 1862, and was composed of the 3rd/30th, 10th/41st, 50th, and 51st Tennessee Regiments, 1st (Colms') Tennessee Infantry Battalion, and was first placed in Brigadier General C.L.Stevenson's Division. On January 3, 1863 the 50th/51st Regiments, 1st Battalion consolidated reported 512 effectives. At Port Hudson, the brigade was a part of the forces commanded by Major General Franklin Gardner. On April 30th, the 9th Louisiana Battalion, 7th Texas Infantry Regiment, and Bledsoe's Battery were reported as additional members of the brigade. At this time the 41st/50th/51st Regiments and 1st Battalion were serving as a consolidated unit under Lieutenant Colonel T.W. Beaumont. On May 26th Gregg's Brigade had been transferred to the division of Major General W.H.T. Walker, with the 14th Mississippi Regiment added, and the 9th Louisiana Battalion and the 51st Tennessee Regiment had gone. On August 30, three companies of the 50th were reported as being in Sequatchie County, Tennessee. At Chickamauga, September 19-20, Gregg's Brigade, composed of the 3rd, 10th, 30th, 41st, 50th Tennessee Infantry Regiments, 1st Tennessee Infantry Gattalion, and 7th Texas Regiment, was in Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson's Provisional DIvision. The 50th reported104 present for duty on September 19, before the battle, and was comanded successively by Colonel Sugg, Lieutenant Colonel Beaumont, Major Robertson, and Colonel Calvin Walker of the 3rd Tennessee.General Gregg was wounded, and Colonel Sugg took command of the brigade; Lieutenant Colonel Beaaumont was killed; and Major Robertson mortally wounded. Colonel Sugg was himself wounded four times, but not seriously. Prior to the Battle of Missionary Ridge, on November 25, 1863, Gregg's Brigade was broken up and the 50th transferred to Brigadier General George Maney's Brigade, composed of the 1st/27th, 4th Confederate (34th), 6th/9th, 41st and 50th Tennessee Regiments, and th 24th Sharpshooter Battalion. Maney's Brigade was sent to the support of General Cleburnes's Division on Tunnel Hill, were a successful defense was made until the center of the line on Cleburne's left was broken. At Missionary Ridge, Colonel Sugg was mortally wounded. The regiment in these two battles lost all its field officers, many of its company officers and most of its men. From Missionary Ridge, the regiment retreated to Tilton Station, Whitfield County, Georgia, where it remained for some time. On December 14 the 50th reported only 69 effectives, 90 present, 52 arms. On February 20, 1864, the brigade was transferred to Lieutenant General W.J.Hardee's Corps,Major General B.F.Cheatham's Division, were it remained for the duration. On February 24, 1864 the 50th Regiment was consolidated with Colm's 1st Battalion to form the 50th Tennessee Regiment, consolidated, or the 50th Tennessee Regiment, New Organization, and Captain George W. Pease of the 50th Regiment Lieutenant Colonel. Apparently the 34th (4th Confederate) was origionally included in the consolidation , for Lieutenant Colonel Oliver A. Bradshaw of the 34th was sometimes reported as Lieutenant Colonel of the new organization, and George W. Pease as major. However, this must have been an unofficial consolidation, for the 34th continued its seperate existence. Consolidated Regiment Field Officers Colonel-Stephen H. Colms. Lieutenant Colonel-George W. Pease Captains-W.A. Moore, Co."A". A consolidation of "A" and "B" of old 50th Regiment.George A. Eastham, Co."B", formerly Co. "A", 1st (Colm's) Battalion. J.T..Reid, Co. "C", formerly Co. "C" of old 50th. William' Company, Commanded by Lieutenant Pinkney Brandon, CO. "D" formerly Co. "D" of old 50th Regiment.Richard T. Hewell, Co. "F" formerly Co. "F" of old 50th Regiment Samuel Mays, J.J. McCauley, Co. "G". A COnsolidation of "G" and "K" of old 50th Regiment. G.W. Watson, Co. "H". A consolidation of "B" and "E", 1st Battalion S.T. Allen, Co. "I". A consolidation of "H" an "I". of old 50th Regiment Newton J. Thompson, Co. "K". A consolidation of "C" and "D", 1st Battalion. The last report from the regiment stated it moved from Tilton, Georgia to Demopholis, Alabama, and back to Dalton, Georgia arriving at Dalton February 29th, 1864. A company report for May-June, 1863 at Vernon, Mississippi is of interest because it depicts the condition of most Confederate regiments; "We have been half clothed since entering the service, and have been partially paid once. As will be seen above, part of the company have never been paid, and have due them nearly two years' pay. Those that have been paid have eleven months due them. The men are much demoralized on account of the inattention paid them.

(Signed)W.C.Allen, Captain Company"A".

As a part of Maney's Brigade it participated in the rest of the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee, including the final move to North Carolina to join General Joseph E. Johnston. On December 10, 1864, Lieutenant Colonel George W. Pease was reported in Command of a consolidated unit composed of the 4th Confederate (34th)/6th/9th/ and 50th Tennessee Regiments. The regiment is not accounted for in the order of battle for Johnstons' Army dated March 31, 1865 at Smithfield, North Carolina, but on April 9, 1865 it was reported as part of the 2nd Consolidated Tennessee Infantry Regiment, composed of the 11th, 12th, 13th, 28th, 47th, 50th, 52nd, and 154th Tennessee Regiments, commanded Colonel Horace Rice, with Lieutenant Colonel George W. Pease of the 50th as second in command. This regiment was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina May 2, 1865, with the rest of Johnstons' Army, and Lindsley's Annals, states there were 37 men from the 50th to answer the final roll call. A comparison of names on the muster rolls indicates that the 50th Consolidated formed Company "I" of this regiment.

Exerpt from the Clarksville Chronicle Extra: Thursday, June 26, 1862

(Note: Companies listed are Stewart Co. companies)

Company D.-Wounded, W. H. Andrews, D. F. McKinney, J. J. Page, J. F. Locke.

Company E.-Wounded, Capt. N. M. Morris, J. L. Wyatt, J. B. Stone, W. H. Weaver, J. M. Robertson, J. P. S. Wimberley.

Company F.-Killed, R. Brooks-wounded, J. T. Myers, Thomas Blake, A. N. Ross, S. E. Spurgeon, J. W. Watson, J. H. Shamwell-missing, B. L. Stanley, J. A. Holmes, M. E. Spurgeon.

Other Civil War Links (Thanks to David Snow for this info!) - Chattanooga National Cemetery - Civil War Service Units Info - Other Civil War links (some from the Project) - Index of Civil War info available on the Internet

Thanks to Mitzi Freeman, these links:

Unit: CAPTAIN OSBORNE'S SCOUTS; URL:;Counties Mentioned: Hamilton



Unit: SNOW'S SCOUTS, CAPTAIN WILLIAM SNOW; URL:; Counties Mentioned: Hamilton



Unit: CAPTAIN J. R. WILLIAMS'  TENNESSEE CAVALRY COMPANY; URL:; Counties Mentioned: Houston, Stewart, Benton, and Henry







Unit: FORREST'S ESCORT; URL::; Counties Mentioned: Bedford, Moore, Shelby, Rutherford, Hamilton


Unit: KING'S SCOUTS; URL::; Counties Mentioned: Obion

Unit: CAPTAIN JOHN NICKS' CAVALRY COMPANY; URL::; Counties Mentioned: Hickman

Thanks to Dallas Greer, this link:

42nd VA Inf.; CSA, Stewart And Benton Co. names::;

Captain James Gray's Company, contributed by E. Smith

James Gray, captain; Thomas W. Lewis, 1st lt.; Nelson Crosswell, 2nd lt.; Matthew Powell, 3rd Lt.; Cornelius Cooley, ensign+; John Hodges, 1st sgt.; Daniel L. Farrell (Eabrell?), 2nd sgt.; William R. Hagler, 3rd sgt.; Thomas French, 4th sgt.; James Greer, 3rd sgt.; Samuel C. French, 1st corp.; Frederick Smith, 2nd corp.+; Walter Boswell, 3rd corp.+ ; William Jackson, 4th corp.; William Brigham, 5th corp.; Charles Bass, 6th corp.; Benjamin Hagler, drummer; Daniel L. Minor, fifer



Citizen oaths of allegiance signatures, 1862-1864

During the occupation of Stewart County by Federal troops during the war, at various times citizens in the area were expected (or possibly compelled) to sign an oath of allegiance to the United States, under the direction of the local Union Provost Marshal at Fort Donelson or Clarksville.  What survives are lists of signatures of these citizens (or at least their name, if the person was unable to sign), and these lists serve as an additional 'census' of the county for the time period.  Note that the lists below contain the signatures/names of both Stewart County and Trigg County citizens.  These are not a complete list of citizens living in the county - the names seem to be those who lived closer to Fort Donelson or Fort Henry - but are a valuable research source nonetheless.  If your ancestor's name appears on the list, you know that he or she was living in the county at the time the list was compiled, and in most cases, what appears on the list is the person's actual signature or their mark.

These lists are part of National Archives Publication M416, "Union Provost Marshal Records Pertaining to Two or More Civilians".  Each item in this massive collection is assigned a number, and there is no particular scheme to the numbering of the items in the collection.  The complete set of images for this National Archives Publication is online at the FamilySearch web site - the direct link to this collection is here.  Note also that there is a separate National Archives collection known as the "Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866," whose items pertain to a specific person.  That collection is also available from the FamilySearch web site here.

Item #03044:  Oaths taken at Fort Henry in September 1862:  page 1 - page 2 - page 3

Item #02345:  Oaths taken at Fort Donelson in September 1862:  page 1 - page 2 - page 3 - page 4 - page 5 - page 6 - page 7 - page 8 - page 9 - page 10 - page 11

Item #02934:  Stewart County and Montgomery County oaths taken in September 1862:  page 1 - page 2 - page 3 - page 4 - page 5 - page 6 - page 7

Item #03091:  Stewart County oaths taken in September 1862:  page 1 - page 2 - page 3 - page 4 - page 5 - page 6

Item #03192:  Stewart County oaths taken in December 1862:  page 1 - page 2 - page 3 - page 4 - page 5 - page 6

Item #04430:  Oaths taken at Fort Donelson in December 1862:  page 1 - page 2 - page 3 - page 4 - page 5 - page 6 - page 7

Item #08819:  Oaths taken at Fort Donelson in March 1864:  page 1 - page 2 - page 3 - page 4