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Creation of Loudon County

Loudon County was not created until May 27, 1870, so the history of many places in the county traces back to the parent counties: Blount, Monroe and Roane. Loudon is the county seat.  When Loudon County was first created, it was call Christiana County.

Christiana County

An act to establish the county of Christiana.
Section 1. Be it enacted bv the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, That a new county be, and the same is hereby established lisued out ot fractions ot the counties of Roane, Monroe and Blount around the town of Loudon.

Section 2. Be it further enacted That said county of Christiana be bounded as follows to wit:
Beggining at the upper end of a bluff of rocks on the western bank of the Little Tennessee river at
the common corner of the lands of J K Johnson and J. B. Tipton, citizens Monroc county and
running thence with the section line, present bearing of the compass being north 30 degrees, east 144 rods the Morganton and Washington Road; thence to said road to tbe bridge across Pork Creek at or near J. R Robinson's mill; thence south 87 deg. west 48 rods along the line between Robinson and Kittrell: thence north 69 deg. west 18 rods to the line between .the lands of Kelsoe's heirs and Kittrell's; thence north 75 deg west 22 rods; thence south 70 dec west 44 rods to old storchousc; thence 414 rods to intersection of old road; thence 312 rods to the Loudon road 8 rods from the Vaught House; thence 82 rods to Curtis line and lane- thence 02 rods to the south-wcst corner of Curtis' lands, thence 854 rods to the section line 13 rods. east of the northeast corner of section 10; thence South 87 deg west 332 rods to the north-east cost corner of section 9; thence south 87 deg west about 578 rods to the bridge over Sweet Water Creek, near and west of Philadelphia to Washington, known as the Washington road, about 2,586 rods to the line of McMinn county at the Junction of said road, with the road leading from Sweet Water to Blue Spring; thence with the line of McMinn county to the Northern Spring; thence with the line of., McMinn county to the northern or northwestern line of J D. Turner: thence with the boundary lines of the lands of said Turner and JohnTalley.to a point In a right line between Blue Springs and Marble Bluff on the Tennesssee River; thence north 39 deg east,-about 10 miles to a rock on Marble Bluff, near the mouth of Stockton's creek on the west bank of Tennessee river thence up the said river with its meanders to the common corner of the lands of Matlock and Rhea, on the north bank of the river; thence north 30 deg east 1280 rods to a hickory tree in Jack Littletons' Ridge Field; thence north 25 dec east 320 rods to a large post oak, ten rods south of the old stage road on the ridge west of Thomas Carter's residence; thence north 1040 rods to a large Spanish oak, near the dwelling: of Levi May's, including said May's in the new county; thence north 20 deg east 456 rods to an elm tree on the south bank of Clinch river, at a point opposite to .Lackey's farm; thence up the center of Clinch river with its meanders about 2,130 rods, to the line of Knox county, at or near the mouth of Hickory creek; thence with the line of Knox couiity to the Holston river at or near the Saltpeter Cave; thence down said river, with its meanders about 992 rods to a point on the south bank ot said river, where the dividing line between the lands of Sanders Leper and J. K. Giifitts strikes the same, thence north 89 degs. wast 194 rods; thence south 71 degs. east 194 rods; thence south 49 degs. cast 250 rods; thence south 37 degs. west 430 rods; thence south 17 degs. west248rods; thence south 10 deg east 143 rods; thence south 5 degs. west114 rods; thence south 20 J degs. west 22 rods.; thence south 144 rods; thence south 82 degs, cast 450 rods; thence south 6 1/2 degs. west 182 rods to a red oak; thence south 15 degs. east 88 rods; thence south 35 degs, east 240 rods; thence sonth54 deg, east 128 rods to a pine north of H Thompson's; thence south 87 1/2 deg east 118 rods; thence south 52 deg east (illegible) rods to. a pine north of Baker's creek; thence south 16 deg east 173 rods; thence south 5 deg west 200 rods; thence south 59 1/2 deg lowest 100 rods; thence south 42 deg west 44 rods; thence south 38 deg west 44 rods; thence south 5 deg west" 134 rods; thence south 32 deg west 220 rods; thence south 54' deg west 520 rods; thence south 58 deg west 158 rods; theucc south 75 deg west 55 rods to Nine Mile Creek; thence north 20 deg west 184 rods to Malitia Springs; thence south 78 deg west 500 rods to Wildcat Rock on the east bank of Little Tennessee river; thence down said river with its meanders to the place of beginning, a distauce of about 1,137 rods.

Sec 3. Be it further enacted, That for the purpose of perfecting the organization of said county of Christiana, James Mathews, F. R, Hackney, J. D. Jones, J. B. Tipton, W. Y. IIuff, J. D. Turner, Maj.M. Rose, John W Robinson and Maj. William Hope an; hereby appiointed commissioncrs, who shall, before entering upon the discharge ot their duties, take an oath to faithfully and impartially discharge all the duties imposed uinm them by this act; and all vacancies that may occur previous to the organization of the County Court in said county, shall be filled by the remaining Commissioners. A majority of said Commissioners shall constitute a Board to transact all things herein enjoined on them, and it shall be the duty of said Board to keep a true record of their proceedings as Commissioners which shall be returned to the County Court of said county of Christiana at the first term, to be entered upon the records of said Court, and said Commissioners shall partake such other workts their calted as said Court shall require..
Sec 4. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty, of said Commissioners to designate three voting places in each of the fractions taken from Blount and Monroe, and six voting places in the fractions
taken from Roane, and shall give ten days notice by written or printed circulars posted in five or more public places in each fraction taken from the respective counties of Roane, Monroe and Blount, that an election will be held, in which all persons entitled to vote for members of the General Assembly, who have resided in the fraction proposed to be stricken off for six months immediately preceding
said election, shall be entitled to vote, and each voter who desires to vote for the establishment of the
new county, shall have on his ticket the word "new county," and the others desiring to vote: against the new county, shall have on their tickets the word "old county,"
Sec. 5
Commisioners shall appoint judges and clerks

Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That
said comimissioncrs shall have power and it shall be tneir auty to divide said county into such a number ot civil districts as the convenience of the inhabitants may  require, and no event shall there be less
than ten civil districts in said county: designating the boundaries of and giving the place of having elections in said districts; and they shall perform such other duties as may be necessary to carry out the provisions ot this act.

Sec 7. Be it further enacted, That said Commissioners shall appoint such suitable persons as necessary to hold the elections for Christiana County.and perform all other duties now imposed upon officers holding similar elections, and finch deputies shall open and hold an election within thirty days after the result of the first election is known, for the purpose of electing a full quota of county officers, which election shall be held in each civil district in said county of Christiana, and the officers so elected shall hold their offices until the next regular election of county officers takes place.

Sec 8. Be it further enacted. That said Board of Commissioners at its first
meeting shall designate a place within the limits of said county of Christiana where said board shall meet; they shall meet upon their own adjournment, and may be convened at any time by their chairman.

Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the different courts for the said county of Chnstiana, shall bo held in the town .of Loudon, and all process issuing from any of said courts returnable to that place shall be legal, and such courts shall be subject to the same rules and regulations. and exercise the same powers as courts of similar jurisdiction in other counties: said county shall be attached to the third Judicial Circuit, and the Circuit Courts thereof shall be held by the Judge of said Circuit on the second Monday of April, August and December, in each and every year, and shall be attached to the eighth Chancery district and the Chancery Court shall be held on the fourth Monday of June and December in each and every year. The County Court of Christiana shall have the powers conferred by law upon County Courts, and meet at the time prescribed by law.

Sec 10. Be it furthcr enacted, That when both parties to a suit at law, or equity, reside in the same fractional part of an old county, they shall have thought upon application to the court wherein the suit is pending, to have the same removed,with a transcript of the records, to the new county hereby created.
Sec 11. Be it further enacted, That all officers of said county shall cuntinue to hold their offices and perform the duties thereof until others arc elected and qualified according to law.

Sec 12. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Tax Collectors of Roane, Monroe, and Blount counties to pay over to the Trustees of Christiana county.when elected and qualified, that portion of the county tax of said counties as has been collected by such Tax Collectorswithin the boundaries of Christiana county for 1870, and said Trustees' receipt shall be a voucher to said Tax Collector onsettlement with the Trustees of said counties of Roane, Monroe and Blount.

Sec 13. Be it further enacted, That the Commissioners herein provided for shall receive such compensation as may be allowed them by the County Court after the organization.of the county.

Sec 14. Be it further enacted, that the fractions taken from the counties of Roane, Monroe,  and Blount to form the county Christiana shall continue liable for their pro rata of all debts contracted by their respective counties prior to the separation, and be entitled to their proportion of any stock or credit belonging: to such old counties, and that this act take effect from and after its passage the public welfare requiring it.
l'asscd May 27, 1870.
W. O'N. Perkins,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
D. B. Thomas,
Speaker of the Senate.
Approved June 2, 1870.

I certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the original, now on file in my
office. T. H. Butler
Secretary of State.

(Source: Nashville union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.), 04 June 1870. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85033699/1870-06-04/ed-1/seq>