3RD (Vaughn's) TENNESSEE INFANTRY REGIMENT, PACS
Also called 3rd Confederate Infantry;
3rd Tennessee Cavalry Regiment;
3rd Tennessee Mounted Infantry Regiment
Special thanks to
Benny Ball for transcribing, and allowing us to use this information
on the 3rd Tennessee Mounted Infantry Regiment.
Records filed as 3rd (Lillard's) Tennessee Mounted Infantry Regiment.
Organized at Knoxville, Tennessee, May 29, 1861; mustered into Confederate Service June 6, 1861; reorganized May 14,1862; surrendered at Washington, Georgia, May 9, 1865.
Colonels: John C. Vaughn, Newton J. Lillard.
Lieutenant Colonels: John J. Reese, Newton J. Lillard, David C. Haskins, Samuel Toole.
Majors: George W. Morgan, David C. Haskins, Joseph C. Boyd, William C. Morelock.
Captains: Luther C. Morgan, George H. Ross, Co. "A". Men from Knox and Jefferson Counties. William Parker, Albert G. Stephens, John Edgar McElrath, William Mason, Co. Men from Monroe County. "B"Emmons P. Douglass, John W. Fender, Co. Men from Polk County. John F. Hannah, David C. Haskins, B. F. Gaddis, Co. "D". Men from Polk County. James A. McKamy, Samuel Toole, Co. "E". Men from Blount County.William C. Morelock, James W. Gideon (or Giddeon) Co. "F". Men From Monroe County.Harry Dill, James K. P. Giddens, Co. "G". Men from McMinn County. Joseph D. Boyd, Joseph Marr, William H. Rudd, Co. "H". Men from Monroe County. This company was later divided into two companies, one of which became 2nd Co. "K" Newton J. Lillard, Isaac B. Cross, James M. Buckner, Co. "I" Men from Meigs County George M. Mathis, Crockett R. Millard, Co. "K". Men from Sullivan County, Became Co. "E", 63rd Tennessee Infantry Regiment in June 1862. Joseph C. Boyd, William Lee, 2nd Co. "K". Formed May 14, 1862 from men from Co. "H" Colonel Vaughn was promoted to brigadier general September 22, 1862 and Newton J. Lillard served as colonel of the regiment for the rest of the war.
Almost immediately after organization the regiment left for Virginia on June 2, 1861 and was mustered into Confederate service at Lynchburg, Virginia, being the third regiment from Tennessee to be accepted into Confederate service at that point. From Lynchburg, the regimentmoved to Winchester, and from there to Romney, Virginia, where it arrived June 17. Here it was place in a brigade commanded by Colonel Ambrose P. Hill, along with the 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment. It first saw action June 19, 1861, when two companies from each regiment under command of Colonel Vaughn, destroyed a railroad bridge on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at New Creek, Virginia, and captured two pieces of artillery. On June 30, 1861 the regiment was in Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston's Army of the Shenandoah, in a brigade commanded by Colonel Arnold Elzey, composed of the 1st Maryland Battalion, 3rd Tennessee Infantry Regiment, Provisional Army, Confederate States of America, 10th and 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment, and Grove's Battery. As part of this brigade it participated in the Battle of Manassas on July 21, the brigade then being commanded by E. K. Smith. His report of the battle shows the 10th Virginia, 3rd Tennessee (Provisional Army) and the Maryland Volunteers as being those portions of his brigade actually engaged.
A report dated January 14, 1862 showed the brigade commanded by Brigadier General A. Elzey, Major General E. Kirby Smith's Division of General Joseph E. Johnston's Army. On February 9, 1862, the 1st Tennessee Infantry (Maney), Bates 2nd Tennessee and Vaughn's 3rd Tennessee 1862, the 1st Tennessee Infantry (Maney), Bates 2nd Tennessee and Vaughn's 3rd Tennessee. Maney's and Bates regiments were sent on to Corinth, Mississippi but the Third remained in East Tennessee in the Army commanded by Major General E. Kirby Smith.
On March 15, 1862 the regiment was in the brigade commanded by Brigadier General Danville Leadbetter, who on March 28, sent the 3rd Regiment, along with a squadron of cavalry, under the command of Colonel Vaughn, on an expedition into Morgan and Scott Counties where it had a running fight with "bushwhackers"
On May 31, 1862 the Third was in Brigadier General S. M. Barton's Brigade, along with the 20th and 23rd Alabama Infantry Regiment, the 9th Georgia Battalion, the 40th and 52nd Georgia Infantry Regiments and Anderson's Virginia Artillery. On June 17, the Third was ordered toKnoxville, where it was placed in Colonel Thomas H. Taylor's Brigade, along with the 23rd Alabama, 52nd Georgia Infantry Regiments, the Marshall Rangers, which was a Tennesseecavalry company, and the Rhett Artillery. On July 3, 1862, the 52nd Georgia was transferred, and the 46th Alabama and 59th Tennessee Infantry Regiments were added to the brigade. On August 6, 1862, the regiment fought an engagement with Federal troops under Colonel John F. DeCourcy, near Tazewell, and defeated them. It then took part in the siege of Cumberland Gap and went into Kentucky with General Braxton Bragg's Army but there is no record of participation in the Battle of Perryville. On October 31, 1862, the regiment was in Brigadier General Henry Heth's Division, Colonel A. W. Reynold's Brigade, consisting of the 3rd Tennessee (Provisional Army) 39th, also called the 31st (W. M. Bradford), 43rd, 59th Tennessee Infantry Regiments, 39th North Carolina Infantry, and 3rd Maryland Battery. During November, it was stationed at Cumberland and Big Creek Gaps, and along the line of the railroad.
In December, 1862, Reynolds' Brigade, with the exception of the 39th North Carolina Infantry was ordered to Vicksburg, Mississippi and placed in Major General Carter L. Stevenson's Division. On May 15 the brigade formed the rearguard of Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's Army on the way to Raymond Mississippi, and was in charge of the baggage train during the Battle of Baker's Creek on May 16. The brigade returned to Vicksburg May 17; and manned the tenches until the surrender of the city on July 4, 1863.
Along with the rest of theArmy it was paroled, and declared exchanged September 12, 1863. In October 1863, theregiment was at Charleston, Tennessee, with Colonel Lillard in command of the post.On October 23, 1863, Brigadier General Vaughn reported that his brigade was slow in re-assembling, and suggested that the Third be added to his brigade, and the brigade transformed into Mounted Infantry. On November 20, Vaughn's Brigade, Stevenson's Division, Bragg's Army was shown as consisting of the 3rd Regiment, Provisional Army, 39th, 43rd, and 59th Tennessee Infantry Regiments. On December 31, 1863, the same regiments plus a detachment of the 2nd East Tennessee Brigade were shown in Lieutenant General James Longstreet's Army, Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson's Brigade, in the East Tennessee Campaign. On January 31, 1864 the same units were listed as Vaughn's Mounted Infantry Brigade, in Longstreet's Cavalry Corps commanded by Major General William T. Martin. By March 31, 1864, the brigade was increased by the addition of the 12th Battalion ( Major George W. Day), 16th Battalion (Lieutenant Colonel John R. Neal) Tennessee Cavalry, and a detachment from Vaughn's old brigade, the 60th, 61st and 62nd Regiments, now mounted. This brigade was in the Cavalry Corps commanded by Major General Robert Ransom, Jr. On April 20, 1864, a detachment from the Third under Captain Nathan Dodd, of the 61st was inBushrod R. Johnson's Brigade (Colonel John S. Fulton commanding), Buckner's Division, Army of Tennessee, under General Joseph E. Johnston. On May 8, 1864, Vaughn's Brigade, consisted of the 1st (Carter's) Tennessee Cavalry, the 3rd, 39th, 43rd, 59th Tennessee Mounted Infantry Regiments, 12th and 16th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion, 16th Georgia Cavalry Battalion, and the detachment from the 60th, 61st, and 62nd Tennessee Mounted Infantry Regiments. An inspection report as of that date stated the command was in deplorable condition, with 1200 effectives, of which 199 were from the Third, and that it was little more that a band of marauders.
In the summer of 1864, a portion of Vaughn's Brigade, including a detachment from the Third, participated in the campaign in the Valley of Virginia, around Lynchburg, and Colonel Lillard reported that, in the engagement at Piedmont in June 1864, the regiment lost 47 men in killed and wounded.
On August 1, 1864 the brigade was listed in the Department of Western Virginia and East Tennessee, Brigadier General John H. Morgan commanding. A detachment of the brigade under Colonel W. M. Bradford, with 504 effectives, was in the neighborhood of Bristol and Bull's Gap. The Third was in his command. During October and November the brigade took part in the fighting around Bull's Gap and Morristown, Tennessee. A report of November 10, 1864 showsthe brigade in Major General John C. Breckinridge's command with 993 effectives.
On February 5, 1865 the brigade was stationed at Bristol, Tennessee, with the Third at Jonesboro, Tennessee. On February 28, the brigade was shown in Brigadier General John Echols' command, with 989 effectives. After Lee's surrender in April 1865, the brigade was ordered to North Carolina, and rendezvoused at Charlotte, North Carolina where they formed part of the escort for President Jefferson Davis until the surrender at Washington, Georgia May 9, 1865.
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