GALLAHER, Isaac H., born 28 July 1889, Wayne Co., TN., died 22 July 1968, buried Hog Creek Cemetery, Wayne Co., TN. Service as Private First Class, Co. F, 136 Inf., 34th Div. He was the son of John G. and Laura GALLAHER. He married and wife's maiden name was MILTON. No other information available.

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GOBBLE, Luther Evans, service no. 1308978, Private, Co. I, 117 Infantry. Born 11 Feb 1895, Wayne Co., TN, d. 5 June 1977, buried Highland Methodist Church Cemetery, Wayne Co., TN. He was son of John C. and Mary H. GOBBLE. Siblings were Jim GOBBLE, b. May 1891; Walter GOBBLE, b. 20 May 1901, Ada GOBBLE BREWER, b. 15 April 1890, d. 4 March 1963; Maggie GOBBLE BLASINGHAM, b. April 1893; Cicero GOBBLE, Delsie GOBBLE who married Andy DAVIS; Lester GOBBLE and Bill GOBBLE.

Soldier married Pearl GOWER on 15 Aug 1919. Children: Brice, b. 7 April 1928, d. 2 May 1943; Jenetta who married Bill STOCKARD and had William, Fay, Linda and Joan; Doris who married Chuck SPOCVEK in Ohio and adopted Amanda.

Soldier's discharge states he was born in Mitchell, Tennessee and was 22 years old at enlistment, by occupation a farmer. He was 5'10" with brown eyes, fair complexion and black hair. Soldier enlisted on 21 Sep 1917 at Waynesboro, TN and was discharged 16 April 1919 At Ft. Oglethorpe, GA. Luther saw service overseas in Ypres Sector, Belgium, and other places in 1918.

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GOODMAN, Clarence H. Private, 108 MG Bn, 28th Div. Soldier died 25 June 1925 and buried at the Copeland Cemetery, Highland Community, Wayne County, Tennessee. No other information available.

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GRIGGS, Carmel Clarence, service no. 3587893, Private First Class, Medical Department, Camp Wheeler, GA. Enlisted 6 Sep 1918, Waynesboro, TN. At enlistment was a farmer, described as 5"8½", with brown eyes, dark brown hair and a ruddy complexion. Discharged at USA Base Hospital, Camp Wheeler, GA 3 Feb 1919. Soldier was born 25 Dec 1895 in Wayne Co., TN the son of Cicero and Belle NOWLIN GRIGGS. He married on 5 Sep 1918 to Lillian Elizabeth LAY, (6 Nov 1902 - 1 Sep 1988) the daughter of William Noah and Alice JORDON LAY. They had one daughter, Mary Eva GRIGGS, b. 21 Feb 1920, who married Hundley KIMBEL , They had two daughters: Julia Annette and Sarah Alice.

Carmel GRIGGS died 2 May 1991 in Waynesboro, Tennessee. Funeral services were held at the First Christian Church, Waynesboro, TN with interment at Memorial Gardens, Waynesboro, TN.

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Charlie GilchristGILCHRIST, Charlie, born about 1886, Wayne County, Tennessee, the son of James and Elizabeth REEVES GILCHRIST. His siblings were Elijah, b. 1880; Fannie, b. 1884; Josie, b. 1885; Anna, b. 1891; William, b. 1893; Mary Jane, b. 1897; Jessie, b. 1897, and Elihu, b. 1900.

Charlie married Annie CHRISTIAN. They had no children and lived until 1930 in Lauderdale Co., AL. In 1930 they moved back to Wayne County, Tennessee. Charlie was a farmer. No service information available.

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GILCHRIST, Luther, born Feb 1894, son of Andrew and Emma A. LITTLE GILCHRIST. Died in service of pneumonia. No other   information available.

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GILCHRIST, William. born in Wayne County, Tennessee about 1893, the son of James and Elizabeth REEVES GILCHRIST, brother to Charlie GILCHRIST above. He married Addie HOLT on 22 Dec 1922, in Wayne Co., TN. She was the daughter of Will and Jennie DARBY HOLT.

William GilchristTheir children were J. W. GILCHRIST who lived in Florence, AL and served in the US Navy during WWII. Lois GILCHRIST who married Hill WRIGHT; Mrs. Opal GILCHRIST ALMAN; Keelvel GILCHRIST; Douglas GILCHRIST who married Jean ARNETT and had one son, Steve; Leon GILCHRIST who married a daughter of Avery WRIGHT.

The picture of William GILCHRIST was made in France. Perhaps the mount reminded him of home and his friend, Nora BERRY who rode her mule down to bid him adieu when he left for the Army.

Charlie, Luther and William GILCHRIST were the grandsons of John and Mary "Polly" HELTON GILCHRIST. Their great-grandfather Duncan GILCHRIST was the son of Malcolm GILCHRIST who came from Scotland in 1770 to Moore Co., North Carolina. He married Catherine BUIE. They came to Maury Co.,TN in 1809 and are buried in the Hunter Cemetery, Mt. Pleasant, Tennessee. On his tombstone is the following: born in Kinters Scotland 1740, son of Angus GILCHRIST, came to USA 1770.

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Claude Wilson GrimesGRIMES, Claude Wilson, was born 24 February 1894 at Forty-Eight Creek, Wayne County, Tennessee. He was the son of Wilson I. GRIMES ( born Nov 1860 and died 16 Oct 1923, buried Tolle Cemetery) and Sarah BARNETT( b. June 1861, d. 12 April 1923, buried Tolle Cemetery.)

Claude Wilson GRIMES married Gradys CREWS on 16 June 1918. Their children were Margaret GRIMES GALLAHER, C. W. GRIMES (died at age 3 months), Walter "Bud" GRIMES, Louise GRIMES OSWALT, William James "Jim" GRIMES, Ralph Eugene GRIMES, Frances GRIMES KELLY, Glenn GRIMES, Annette GRIMES TRIMBLE, and Bruce GRIMES.

Claude's siblings were Jasper M. GRIMES, b. Oct 1881, William Edgar GRIMES, b. March 1887, d. 22 Jan 1933, Mattie E. GRIMES, b. Oct 1890; Lizza B. GRIMES, b. Feb 1892; and Tennie GRIMES, b. June 1896.

Claude was inducted on 8 July 1918 at Lawrenceburg, Tennessee. He was discharged on 15 February 1919, the same day his brother, William Edgar GRIMES, was discharged.

Claude was living with his parents on Forty-Eight Creek and was farming the family farm. He had registered at Lawrenceburg when his parents lived at Ethridge. He was inducted three weeks after he and Gladys were married. He left on the train at Lawrenceburg with a group of other inductees at 4 O'clock on 8 July 1918. They went to Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama. They were assigned to the 46th Infantry

Claude and his buddies remained for a while; he stayed there all the time he was in the Army.

The 46th Infantry was ready to go overseas when the Armistice was signed on 11 November 1918. He was in Company K, 46th Infantry. His serial number was 3,238,398.

He was surprised to find his brother, William Edgar, at Camp Sheridan. William had been working in St. Louis and was inducted there. Claude returned to the farm and we went to house keeping. After his parents died and seven children were born, we moved to Waynesboro, to a little farm on Hog Creek so that school would be closer for the children. Two more children were born on Hog Creek.

In 1936, Claude worked for the Wayne County Highway Department, then later on for the State of Tennessee Highway Department, where he worked until his retirement. He died 12 Sep 1978 and is buried in Waynesboro Memorial Gardens, Waynesboro, Tennessee. He was a member of the Waynesboro Church of Christ, and a member of the American Legion, first in Lawrence County and then as a charter member of Post 130.

Written by his wife, Gladys CREWS GRIMES

Five of Claude's children have served their country a total of almost 100 years. Walter GRIMES served in the US Navy for 30 years; James "Jim" GRIMES served in the Navy for 20 years, Ralph GRIMES served in the Navy also for 20 years and Glen, served in the Army for 26 years and is also a Vietnam Veteran. His daughter Gladys Annette, served in the Navy for 4 years.

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HADDOCK, Ardell, b. Oct 1895, d. 20 June 1946, son of Sherman and Leathy BREWER HADDOCK, buried at McGlamery Cemetery, Collinwood, TN. No other information.

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HASSELL, Amos T., Serial Number 4430823, Pvt. 4th Co., 1st Forestry Repl. BN. Inducted 30 Aug 1918 Waynesboro, Tennessee. Soldier was married. Honorably discharged 24 Dec 1918 at Camp Forest, Georgia. Soldier was 21½ years old at enlistment , by occupation a farm manager. He had blue, eyes, brown hair, fair complexion and was 5'9" in height. Soldier was born at Camden, Tennessee. Copy of discharge on file, Register's Office, Waynesboro, Tennessee.

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HAYES, Benjamin, b. July 1895, Wayne Co., TN, son of Wallace and Sarah Jane HEARD HAYES. No other information available.

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HAYES, William Homer, b. 11 Oct 1896, d. 28 May 1965, buried Mt. Hope Cemetery, Wayne Co., TN. Served as PFC, USA during World War I. He was son of John W. "Jack" and M. J. JOHNSON HAYES. No other information available.

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HELTON, Harry A., Serial Number 2873298, PVT, Co. E, 306 Inf. Soldier born in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee June 1894, son of Harry "Henery" HELTON and Emily M. HELTON. Soldier enlisted 28 May 1918 at Waynesboro, TN, was not married. At enlistment he was 23 years of age and by occupation a clerk. He had gray eyes, brown hair, fair complexion and was 5'6" in height. He was discharged at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky on 8 May 1919. Soldier's siblings were Lemuel HELTON, b. April 1870, Walter A. HELTON, b. June 1872; Charles G. HELTON, b. Nov 1883; John C. HELTON, b. Nov 1892; James E. HELTON, b. March 1897; William T. HELTON, b. June 1899 ; Hester HELTON, b. Jan 1886; Edwina M. HELTON, b. Jan 1890. Step-siblings were Charlie BELEW, b. Feb 1879 and Marsella BELEW, b. June 1883.

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HICKERSON, Grady Roth, Serial Number 171-08-68, Fireman 3rd Class, US Navy. Soldier was born 1 May 1898 at Linden, Tennessee. At enlistment he was 5'7" in height; 140 pounds, blue eyes, brown hair, ruddy complexion. Enrolled on 30 May 1918 at Nashville, TN for 4 years, no previous service. On active duty from 1 Sep 1918 to 23 Aug 1919, reserve from 23 Aug 1919 until honorably discharged on 22 May 1922, New Orleans, Louisiana. Discharge on file, Register's Office, Waynesboro, TN. Served on the following ships: N.T.S. San Diego and U.S.S. Minneapolis.

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HICKS, Jones, born March 1895, son of Wesley (b. Nov 1864) and Emily J. Hicks(b. April 1865). Siblings: Mary E., HICKS, b. June 1887; Frank HICKS, b. Oct 1890; Laura HICKS, b. Nov 1898 & Russell HICKS. No other information available.

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Alexander Hill HILL, Alexander, was born 28 Feb 1892 and died in 1954 in California and was buried there. He was the son of William Martin Hill and Martha Ann DAVIS. He was inducted into service on 29 May 1918 and served overseas from 15 Aug 1918 until 25 April 1919. He was honorably discharged 7 May 1919, as a Private.

He married Myrtle ANDERSON on 1 Feb 1920. They had five children: Christine who died at age 2; Hobert Cecil, b. 1921 and married Helen CAWVEY; Imogene, b. 7 Dec 1924, married Carl CANNON; J. W., b. 31 Jan 1927; and Joe Wayne, b. 28 July 1929, married Hazel Rozella GRAY.

Alexander's siblings were Moses Anderson HILL; William Allen HILL; Thomas Martin HILL; Nancy Jane HILL; Annie Elizabeth HILL; Mary Isabella HILL; Harriet Emelin HILL and Parlee Izora HILL.

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HILL, Charlie Dempsey, was born 5 Dec 189_ in Clifton, TN. He was the son of Williman James and Lucy Ann QUEEN HILL. Williman was born 4 May 1861 and Lucy was born 18 Nov. 1868. Williman and Lucy were married 25 Dec 1884.

The family moved to Mississippi when Charlie was a young boy. Williman James and Lucy had the following children: James "Jim"HILL; Lena; Lynn; Ida Mae; Nellie; Jack; Hulda; Bessie and Ben.Charlie Dempsey Hill Charlie enlisted in the Army in Iuka, Mississippi and was stationed at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. He received an honorable discharge. He married Mary Ann CHOAT on 12 Sep 1918. Mary Ann was born 29 March 1894 and was the daughter of Tillman and Rhoda PHILLIPS CHOAT.

Charlie and Mary lived on the family farm located on Green River, all their married life. Charlie died 26 May 1949 and was buried in the Phillips Cemetery on the farm. Mary died 13 July 1971. Their children were Algie Mae, b. 7 June 1919; Rhoda Orgretta "Greetus", b. 26 Sep 1923.

Algie Mae HILL married Charles Lawson BUNDRANT on 23 Nov. 1940. They now live on the family farm on Green River. Their children are Charles Hardin BUNDRANT, who was born 31 Jan 1942; and Linda Jo BUNDRANT who was born 9 June 1949.

Rhoda Orgretta "Greetus" HILL married Edmund F. MUNN, Jr. on 1 Nov. 1958. They live in Panama. They have one daughter, Lisa Hill MUNN, b. 25 Sep 1959, who lives in Coral Gables, Florida.

Charles Hardin BUNDRANT, Charlie HILL's grandson, married Mary BURCH. Their children are Joseph Lawson BUNDRANT, b. 18 May 1966, married Mary Sue MOHN on 22 Dec 1985 and has children: Analise Kathleen, b. 8 March 1988; Alexandre Marie, b. 31 Dec 1989; and Jill Marie BUNDRANT who married Poul John HAUCK on 28 July 1990.

Linda Jo BUNDRANT, Charlie Hill's granddaughter, married Douglas Walter NELSON on 22 March 1969. Their children are Derek Walter NELSON, b. 1 Aug 1972; and Kristen Mae NELSON, b. 2 Aug 1975. They live in Seattle, Washington.

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Hill, George Washington, serial # 6319461, son of Wesley Marion Hill and Roxie Anna Grimes enlisted in theGeorge W. Hill U.S. Army on August 13, 1919 at Fort Oglethorpe, GA as a private. He was honorably discharged on September 25, 1920 at O’Reilly General Hospital, Osteen, NY., after serving a little more than a year due to medical reasons. While in service, he was a member of the Quartermaster Corps. He was awarded a disability pension at the time of discharge.

He was born on Factory Creek, Wayne County, TN on August 25, 1898 and had to tell the enlistment officer his birth date was earlier to attain the age of 21 years old to be able to join at that time.

After discharge from the U.S. Army, he returned to Collinwood and married Virgie Ethel Jones from Cloverdale, AL on February 25, 1923. George and Virgie had five children, Garland, Everett, G.W.,Jr., Clarence(Tootsie) and Anna. He made his home and raised his family in Collinwood for the next 44 years. During WWII he worked as a security guard at Oak Ridge, TN.. He, along with some other local citizens was responsible for the exit/entrance to The Natchez Trace Parkway located on the east end of Collinwood, as the original plans did not have any type of entry to the Trace close to the town. It was only after talking to the construction workers that the entry was added.

He served as the first county veterinarian, appointed by the Wayne County Court and later served on the city commission in Collinwood and served two terms as Mayor. He was serving as Mayor of Collinwood at the time of his death on February 4, 1967. He was buried in McGlamery Cemetery. 

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Taylor Hill


HILL, Taylor, Photograph at right only submitted information.

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HOLDER, John Jefferson, Jr., U.S. Navy, served from 30 May 1918 until 21 Feb 1919 at the U.S. Navel Training Camp, San Diego, CA. He was born 29 Oct 1897 at Clifton, Tennessee and enrolled on 30 May 1918 At Nashville, Tennessee for four years. At enrollment he was 6'¾" in height, weighted 156 pounds, have Blue eyes, brown hair and a ruddy complexion. He was honorably discharged on 30 Sep 1921. at New Orleans, Louisiana.

John Jefferson Holder, Jr.John Jefferson HOLDER, Jr. was the son of John Jefferson HOLDER, Sr., and Hugh Beth "Betty" TURNBO. His siblings were Willie HOLDER, Fred HOLDER, Wallace HOLDER, Hollis HOLDER, Hugh Oscar HOLDER, Nannie HOLDER STRICKLIN and Lena HOLDER STEELE. John Jefferson HOLDER Jr. married on 21 March 1920 to Mary Josephine "Josie" LINEBERRY. Their children were sons: Winfred B. HOLDER, who served in the US Air Force from 1941-1962 and died in Maury Co., TN in 1981; Wallace E. HOLDER, served in the Air Force from 1950-1954; Hollis HOLDER, who served in the Army from 1956-1958; and Billy C. HOLDER, who served six years in the US Navy (1954-1960) and died in 1962. Daughters: Hazel V. HOLDER, deceased; and Rothie Nelle HOLDER MOORE, who lives in Maury Co., Tennessee.

Postcard submitted dated 18 Sept 1918, postmarked San Diego, CA. addressed to Mr. J. J. HOLDER, Rt. 3, Clifton, Tenn.

"Dear Home Folks. I receive your letter yesterday was glad to hear from home. This leaves me well & hope this will find you all the same. G. R. H. is still with me. Grady RILEY has been here about ten days. Frank DENTON come in Monday Ev. I get to seen them ever day. F. D. was Glad to run up on us. He look like He was scared. We all are like better ever day. I sent my butin home last Friday Will get out from under this guaranteed the 23rd [word unreadable under postmark] done got 3 shots they did not hurt me at all the Dr/s said I was as tuff as a mule will ans per letter this week"

Another postcard, dated 1 Sep 1918, postmarked Albuquerque, New Mexico, addressed to Miss Josie Lineberry, R.F.D., Peters Landing, Tenn.

"Have been travling four days and night. I have got to Arizona. Still travling Having a good time will get to Sandiego Cal. Monday morning will write you when I get there Yours as ever."

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HOLT, M. O. Sr., 1894-1965, Cpl, US Army. Buried Railroad Cemetery, No other information submitted.

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HORTON, Joe Paulk, born Oct 1895, son of Zachariah J. HORTON (1854-1935) and Molly C. KINDRICK (1857-1942). Served in the Marine Corps. No other information submitted.

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HUGHES, John Gideon "Gid", 1st Lieutenant, 328 Infantry, US Army. Serial Number 1932208. LT. HUGHES was born 29 Jan 1896 at Clifton, Tennessee and died 4 Nov. 1988 at Clifton, Tennessee. He was the son of John F. HUGHES and Elizabeth DIXON. He was a graduate of Frank Hughes College and attended business college in Nashville.

He was a rural mail carrier before entering the service in 1917, at age 21. He graduated from Officer's Candidate School in 1918. He was immediately sent to France where he saw active service until the Armistice was signed. He received a field promotion to 1LT 24 Oct 1918. He was honorably discharged 22 May 1919.

After World War I, he returned to Clifton and later moved to Louisiana to work as a lumber inspector for his uncle, Mr. W. H. NEWCOMBE. While there he met Marjorie Ross RUCKER who was a school teacher in Jonesboro, Louisiana. They were married on 19 December 1920 and returned to Clifton in 1928. Two daughters, Elizabeth HUGHES DAVIS and Frances HUGHES RILEY were born to this marriage. His wife preceded him in death in 1983, a few months after they had celebrated 62 years together.

During World War II he sold his service station business in Clifton and moved to Clinton, Tennessee, in order John Gideon Hughesto work at Oak Ridge and help with the war effort. After the war he returned to Clifton and served as Post Master there until his retirement in 1961. "Mr. Gid" as he was affectionately called, was a man of integrity and very high principles. He was proud of his military service and a patriotic American until the day he died.

The following newspaper article was submitted, dated 2 Feb 1919.

"CAPTAIN SHOT SEVEN TIMES, CLIFTON MAN SPRINGS TO COMMAND"

"Lieut. J. G. HUGHES Leads Company at Third Battle of Verdun - Searches For Food In Pockets Of Dead. Taken For Boche While In Shell Hole, Plucky Tennessean Is Made Target Of American Tank.

"On the third day of the third battle of Verdun the captain of my company was shot seven times..

"I saw him fall.

"He yelled: 'Hughes, take command of my company.'

"Then I jumped from command of fifty to two hundred and fifty men; but the greater responsibility, the harder a man will fight.

"This excerpt is taken from a letter from First Lieutenant J. H.[sic] HUGHES, son of Prof. and Mrs. J. F. HUGHES of Clifton, Tenn. who entered the service in September 1917. He graduated from officers; training camp at Camp Gordon in the spring of 1918 and was sent immediately to France, where he saw active service until the armistice was signed.

"Commissioned Lieutenant

"Soon after reaching France he was commissioned second lieutenant. He took part in some of the most famous battles of the war.

"Lieutenant HUGHES gives a graphic description of the third battle of Verdun after he had taken command of his company, as follows:

"Running as hard as I could, and waving my pistol over my head, I yelled, 'Come on F Company Boys!'

"Everyone one responded for they had confidence in me and every one proved to be a real soldier. They followed me clear through the entire battle and not one of them offered to halt. We were in for six days but thought we would be in no more than two days, so we carried enough eats only for two days.

"About the third day we sure became hungry.

"I searched the pockets of the dead lying on the field for something to eat, but did not meet with much success. It was very rainy weather, so where the shells made big holes eight and ten feet in the ground, water accumulated in them and I drank the water from these shell holes and it never poisoned me. I was just lucky. A person will do anything once when he gets hungry. I had gone five days without anything to eat.

"Captures Three Big Guns

"I captured three big guns which the Boche could not take with them while retreating. I examined the guns and to my surprise I found some real German black bread. We had a feast after we had drive the Boche into the woods. We reported our location and ordered the tanks to come to our rescue.

"I was the first one they saw when they came close to us. I had my head stuck out of the ground and the tanks fired a three inch gun direct at my head. Luckily they missed me. Believe me I came right out of that hold and stood up straight so they could see I was an American. I showed them where the machine gun nests were and they went after them."

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HUGHES, Ralph Montague, was born November 16, 1895 in Clifton, Tennessee to William A. HUGHES an Lillian TAYLOR HUGHES. He graduated from high school at Frank Hughes College in Clifton. He attended the University of Tennessee and entered the United States Army in 1919.

In 1921, Mr. HUGHES, borrowed $6,000.00 and went to Arkansas to raise cotton. The price of cotton dropped from 31 cents a pound to 5 cents a pound and two years later he returned to Clifton broke.

He went to work for Mr. T. S. HASSELL, his uncle, in a general store. In 1924 Mrs. HASSELL backed his son, Tom F. HASSELL and Mr. HUGHES and the three went into the automobile business in Clifton. They did fairly well and opened a second dealership in Waynesboro.

According to Mr. HUGHES, the finest and most intelligent thing he ever did was marry Josephine PARKES of Lawrenceburg on September 22, 1927. They had three children: Betty Jo, born October 19, 1928; Ralph, Jr., born July 7, 1930; and William Harry, born October 10, 1940.

In 1939, Mr. HUGHES joined Mr. Tom F. HASSELL and Mr. Frank HASSELL, Jr. as a partner in the Hassell Lumber Company in Collinwood. Frank HASSELL, Jr. left the organization in 1941 and Mr. Jake NICHOLSON, Mr. Tom F. HASSELL's brother-in-law, became a partner.

The lumber company became a corporation in 1944 under the name of Hassell & Hughes Lumber Company, Inc. Mr. NICHOLSON died in 1966 and Mr. HASSELL left the company at the end of that year. Mr. HUGHES remained active in the business until his death.

Mr. HUGHES worked very diligently toward developing forest fire protection for Wayne County specifically and Tennessee generally. He believed in, and was active in, educating the general public about the benefits of fire prevention. He was very proud of the fire protection and prevention effected in Wayne County.

Mr. HUGHES was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Waynesboro. He was for several years a member of the Board of Directors of the Peoples Bank of Clifton, First Federal Savings and Loan of Waynesboro and Hassell & Hughes Lumber Company, Inc. He served at various times as a Waynesboro City Commissioner and a member of the Wayne County School Board.

Ralph M. HUGHES died at Wayne County General Hospital on June 29, 1975. Mrs. Josephine HUGHES died October 20, 1984. Both were 79 at the time of their deaths.

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HURST, Franklin Kerr, was born 21 July 1895, Waynesboro, Tennessee. He was the son of Thomas K. HURST, b. 18 Dec 1849, d. 19 July 1930, a Union veteran of the Civil War, and Harriett Isabell DAVIS, b. 5 March 1860 and died 28 July 1946. He married Lula HICKS of Humphreys Co., TN. date of his death not given. Two children: Joseph Kerr HURST Jr., died in 1941, and Joseph "Joe" HURST who lives at 32 White Bridge Rd., Nashville, TN. Siblings: Sarah Tennessee HURST 1885-1885; Thomas McCord Sterling HURST, 1886-1888; Fielding Baker HURST, 1887-1955; Hattie Corine HURST CASTEEL, 1897-1984; and James Nelus "Jim" HURST, 1902-1994. Half-brothers and sisters: Matilda Adelaide HURST 1869-1870; Luther Maywood HURST, 1871-1906; John Riley HURST, 1873-1876; William Samuel HURST, 1875-1935; Horace Thompson HURST, 1876-1891.

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James B. HigginsHIGGINS, James Brantly (Jim), born 8 July 1892 Centerville, Hickman County, Tennessee. Died 7 October 1988 and buried at Little Hope Cemetery, Highland Church of Christ, north of Waynesboro, Tennessee. He married first to Grace FRAZIER on 4 July 1920. She was born 10 May 1904. He married second to Ida POPE on 26 Oct 1946. She was born 4 June 1901 and died 18 Aug 1972. He was the son of John W. HIGGINS and Sarah Jane SKELTON. Siblings were Brown HIGGINS, Mollie HIGGINS, Ada HIGGINS (married Clifford MEREDITH); Izora HIGGINS; Odell HIGGINS (married Hubert "Rod" LUNA).

Children of James B. and Grace FRAZIER HIGGINS: Malvena HIGGINS, born 16 Aug 1921, married ___WARREN; Willard HIGGINS, born 1925. Grandchildren: Alva Jo WARREN; Willard Ray, Larry Wayne and Gloria Diane. Great-grandchildren: Keith (died 25 Mar 1977), Ricky, Tracy, Mandy, Kevin, Leslie and Lauren. Great-great-grandchildren: Keith, Brittany and Arzela.

James B. HIGGINS was inducted 21 Nov 1917 at Waynesboro, TN. Service Number 1877078. Served in 1st Corp. Artillery Park from 2 Feb 1918 to 6 Aug 1919. Left US on 24 May 1918 and served in France until 2 Aug 1919 when he returned to the US. Was in the following battles and offenses: from 21 May 1918 to 2 Aug 1919 at Aisne Marne; from 10 July 1918 to 6 Aug 1918 at Chateau Thiery; 6 Aug 1918 to 18 Aug 1918 Oise Aisne; 18 Aug 1918 to 10 Sep 1918 Verdun Sector; 12 Sep 1918 to 26 Sep 1918 Meuse Argonne; from 26 Sep 1918 to 11 Nov 1918 Army of Occupation.

UNIT HISTORY
FIRST CORPS ARTILLERY PARK
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES

It is the purpose of this pamphlet to give every man in the organization a brief history of the organization, what he has done, his movements, and what has been accomplished.

As a foreword it is well to give a short outline of what a Corps Artillery Park is, and what relation it bears to other organizations in battle. Until the present war such an organization in our army did not exist. Owing to the vast scale on which this war was fought it was found necessary to provide additional units for the supply of ammunition and the repair of material. In order to take care of this emergency and do it quickly our General staff studied the organization of a Parc du Artillerie in the French Army and decided upon the present organization.

A Corps Artillery Park is the ammunition train for the Army Corps and its primary duty is to carry forward to the Corps Ammunition Dumps an adequate supply of ammunition of all kinds and calibres; to operate the Corps Ammunition Dumps and to carry forward ammunition to the artillery units in the Corps. An Army Corps normally consists of from three to five Divisions.

Compiled by Major Ewell C. POTTS, F. A. U.S.A.
Commanding 1st Corps Artillery Park
Pfaffendorf, Germany
June 30th 1919

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The FIRST CORPS ARTILLERY PARK was organized at Camp Jackson, Columbia, S.C. on January 23rd, 1918, under command of Lt. Col. E. P. WALSER, Inf. N.G. The personnel of the regiment consisted of 30 Field Artillery Officers, 3 Ordnance Corps Officers, 2 Medical Corps Officers, and 1300 men.

Companies were made up as follows:

Officers Men
Park Headquarters 4 28
(Attached Ordnance Sgts.) 2
Motor Section Headquarters 3 30
Truck Companies Nos. 1 to 6 Inc. Each 3 145
Depot Section 5 300
Medical Detachment 2 19
501st Mobile Ord. Repair Shop (attached) 3 45

The authorized motor equipment of the regiment is as follows:

2-Ton Cargo Trucks 162
Motorcycles with side-cars 62
5-Passenger Motor Cars 8
Artillery Repair Trucks 5
Equipment Repair Trucks 3
Light Repair Trucks 6
Supply Trucks 8
Ration and Baggage Trucks 9
Rolling Trailmobile Kitchens 9
Motor Ambulance 1

The nucleus of the organization was formed from enlisted men in Field Artillery assigned from several Regular Army Recruit Depots. The regiment was brought up to maximum strength by assignment of men from National Army Camps at Camp Jackson, S.C. Camp Sherman, O., Camp Gordon, Ga., and Camp Pike, Arkansas. Every state in the Union is represented.

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The regiment trained at Camp Jackson, S.C. until May 8th, 1918, when we were ordered to Camp Merrit, N. J., arriving on May 10th, 1918. On May 21st, 1918 we embarked on the U.S.S. "Great Northern", and sailed the following evening at 9:30 P.M. We arrived at Brest, France on May 30th, debarked on May 31st, and marched to the "rest camp" at Pontanezan Barracks.

Motor Section Headquarters, the six truck companies, and Medical Detachment left Brest for St. Nazaire, France, on June 4th, 1918, arriving at that station the next day. Two days later the Depot Section left Brest for the same destination. Park Headquarters and the 501st M.O.R.S. attached left Brest for Dijon, Cote d'Or, France, on June 12th and arrived June 14th, 1918.

The next movements of the units of the regiment brought all together at Houdelaincourt, Meuse, France on June 24th, 1918. From Houdelaincourt six officers and two hundred men were sent to the French Motor School at Dourdan, Seine et Oise. Details were sent to Bordeaux, Brest, Sr. Nazaire, Nantes, and Le Harve, to receive and drive overland a large part of our authorized motor equipment, the first consignment of which was received at this station. Officers and men were also sent to the front to observe activities and to study the methods of other trains in preparation for our functioning as a Corps Artillery Park. While at Houdelaincourt, in addition to regular military duties, a large part of the time was devoted to instruction and training and operation of motor trucks and other motor vehicles.

After five months of hard training the opportunity to get into actual service at the front arrived, and on July 13th 1918, the regiment left Houdelaincourt for Magny St. Loup and Boutigny Seine-et-Marne, France, pursuant to instructions from the Commanding General, 1st Army Crops. We arrived at the above stations on July 15th, and immediately began functioning in the Champagne-Marne Defensive. The Depot Section moved from Magny St. Loup on July 15th and took over the Corps Ammunition Dumps at Les Davids and other points north of La Perft-sous-Jouarre. While at Magny St. Loup our final consignment of trucks and other motor vehicles was received and the need for ammunition was so great that every truck was immediately placed in service hauling day and night. Men were compelled to go as long as 48 to 72 hours without rest or relief. In the Aisne-Marne Offensive which shortly followed, our equipment although //
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complete was inadequate to meet the pressing eeds and men were hurriedly sent to Versailles for 100 additional trucks which were bought from the French Government.

As our lines advanced it became necessary for us to change stations, and on July 28th we moved to Coupru and on August 4th moved to Epaux-Bezu. By this time the Marne salient was practically reduced and on the 6th of August the first big offensive of the American Army was brought to a close. From the 6th until the 18th of August only defensive operations were carried on but our work was not materially decreased as preparations had to be made for the next offensive.

The First Corps ceased to function in this sector on August 14th and we were transferred to the Third Army Corps for duty in the Oisa-Aisne Offensive, moving the same day to Charteves on the Marne, about six kilometers east of Chateau-Thierry. Four days later the Third Army Corps under tactical command of the Sixth French Army, General DEGOUTTE commanding, began the Oise-Aisne Offensive. This operation was brought to a successful close on September 10th. The enemy lost many guns, prisoners, and war material, and was forced to fall back to prepared positions beyond the Vesle River. The close of this offensive found the Marne salient, which was a menace to the safety of Paris, completely reduced. With the reduction of the Marne salient the last "Great German Offensive" was broken, and from that moment superiority rested with the Allies. American initiative, morale and eagerness to fight, completely surprised the Germans. They had been told the Americans did not know how to fight.

The officers and men of the First Corps Artillery Park played a magnificent part in these operations. The work accomplished was vitally important to the other arms. We went "over the top" every day. It is well to record here some of the difficulties and vast proportions of our work. The lines moved more rapidly than new ammunition depots could be advanced, making it necessary to haul long distances in order to keep up the supply of ammunition. One average day has been selected which shows that 140 trucks were ordered out to haul 4500 rounds 155 mm. Complete from Couilly-St. Germaine to Beauvardes, a distance of about 50 kilometers. In addition about 70 trucks were out on orders incompleted from the following day, and also a few trucks on small details. Twenty five//
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hundred gallons of gasoline were consumed which at an average mileage of four miles per gallon, means that every vehicle made a distance of approximately 40 miles on that day.

On September 8th ordered were received to turn over our ammunition dumps operated by the Depot Section and prepare for a trip overland to a new front. After two days journey, having traveled about 125 miles via Paris-Metz national highway, we arrived at La Champ La Gaille in the vicinity of Verdun on the afternoon of September 12th. Due to the fact that the roads leading into this camp were exposed to enemy observation, we moved on the next night to Bois de Nixville, on the Verdun-Bar le Duc Road, about ten kilometers south of Verdun. The work from September 12th to September 26th consisted largely of making preparations for the last great battle of the war. During this period all convoys of any size had to go out at night, every effort being made to prevent the Germans from knowing that Americans were in the sector. From the date of arrival in this sector until the 26th of September were under the Second French Army, known as the Army of Verdun. On the morning of September 26th, 1918, the First American Army, after having won a brilliant victory in reducing the St. Mihiel salient, began the last and greatest battle of the war for American arms, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.

Again the First Corps Artillery Park was called upon to deliver to the front every shell that could possibly be hauled with our equipment. Trucks were never allowed to stand idle, except for repairs. On October 12th the regiment moved from Boise de Nixeville to Germonville, France. While at this station Lt. Col. Elmer P. WALSER was relieved of command and Capt. Ewell C. POTTS, F.A. Regimental Adjutant was placed in command and shortly thereafter promoted to Major. On October 18th we moved to Biercourt, ?November 4th to Cuisy. This was station util November 11th, the date of the signing of the armistice.

The Depot Section operated the advanced Corps Ammunition Dumps continuously from the 15th day of July 1918 to the conclusion of the war. The large personnel of this company made possible the operation, in various part of the Corps Area, of as many as four and at time five ammunition dumps, handling, assorting and dispatching temendous amounts of ammunition in these almost continuos offensives. Some idea of the stupendous task of unloading, handling and reloading to the divisional train, the ammunition of these Corps//
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Dumps can be formed when, in addition to the truck trains of the First Corps Artillery Park, there were almost daily Army and French truck trains brining in ammunition to these dumps. Coupled with the almost continually bad weather, the conditions of the roads causing delay and congestion, the Depot Section particularly in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, by reason of its necessarily exposed position, was subject to constant shell fire and air raids. Its personnel, however, overcame all difficulties, working day and night with much success.

The work of the truck companies was particularly difficult, especially in the Meuse-Argonne, due to the almost impassable roads and congestion of traffic. The trains of the divisions both motor and horse drawn, in this engagement we in such condition, that it was necessary for our convoys to go to battery positions. In many cases ammunition was carried forward to prepared positions before the arrival of batteries, frequently head of the 75's. In the Meuse-Argonne the First Corps Artillery Park in forty-five days hauled 6,465 loads amounting to 12,9030 tons of ammunition.

From the 15th of July to the 11th of November 1918, the First Corps Artillery Park was actively engaged day and night without relief for a single day, and during this period actively participated in the following operations:

Champagne-Marne Defensive --15th July to 18th July
Aisne-Marne Offensive--18th July to 6th August
Chateau-Thierry Sector--6th August to 18th August
Oise-Aisne Offensive--18th August to 10th Sept.
Verdun Sector--12th Sept. To 26th Sept.
Meuse-Argonne Offensive--26th Sept. To 11th Nov.

AFTER THE ARMISTICE

With the signing of the armistice our work did not cease. The vast amount of ammunition hauled forward by our organization and by the divisional trains was not all fired. The artillery was at times moved so rapidly and under such difficulties, due to bad roads and shortage of horses and motor transportation, that vast quantities had to be left along roads and abandoned in battery positions. On November 11th we moved to Doulcon, just across the river from Dun-sur-Meuse, and on the following day commenced collecting and hauling this abandoned ammunition to the depots for storage and shipment. The equipment of the men was renewed and unserviceable//
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trucks either salvaged or repaired, and replacements drawn for the trip to Germany, as a part of the Army of Occupation.

Our march into Germany began on the morning of November 21st, stopped at the following points en route: Aubange, Belgium; Lorentzweiler and Beaufort, Luxembourg; Scharfbillig, Udersdorf and Monreal, Germany; crossed the Rhine on December 14th and went into billets at our present station, Pfaffendorf, Germany.

Since our arrival in this area the time has been devoted to training, hauling ammunition, and functioning generally as a Corps Artillery Park. The Depot Section has operated the Third Corps Ammunition Dump at Neuwied, Germany and be it said to their credit that this ammunition deport is a model one and pronounced by the Army inspector as the best in the Third Army Area.

The officers and men of the First Corps Artillery Park during these activities have shown marked devotion to duty, and performed all manner of tasks assigned to them, with great zeal. Many hours without food or sleep in cold and rainy weather, and the innumerable hardships of war conditions, did not cause a murmur of complaint. You have helped to make possible the victory. You have rendered invaluable service to your country and let every man point to his organization's activities in the war with pride.

Major General John L. HINES, Commanding General, Third Army Corps, sent the following telegram after the signing of the Treaty of Peace, evidencing his appreciation of your splendid work:

HEADQUARTERS THIRD ARMY CORPS
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES

June 29, 1919
TELEGRAM
C.O. 1st Corps Artillery Park, 3rd Corps.

S.G.S. 84 The Treaty of peace has been signed and the Corps Commander congratulates you on the great part your troops have taken in forcing the Germans to sign a treaty which compels them to acknowledge the great wrong they did mankind in forcing on the world this cruel war.

OFFICIAL HINES
J.R. FRANCIS
Major Inf.
Sec'y Gen. Staff
Pfaffendorf, Germany, June 30th 1919

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