Revolutionary War
John Crawford
of Early Tennessee
Compiled by C. Hammett, 2001
for TNGenWeb (TNGenNet) and the Combs &c. Research Group

JOHN CRAWFORD [*see below for an email received on John] applied for his revolutionary pension while living in Hamilton or Rhea County, Tenn.* He was born Oct. 29, 1762, seven miles below Staunton, Virginia. He moved with his father to Surry County, North Carolina where he resided during the Revolution. He enlisted three times, first in Surrey County in 1778; the second time in 1780 under Capt. Gibson Woodridge and Maj. Joel Lewis; the third time in 1781 under Capt. Edmund Hickman and Col. Rutherford. He was in the battles of Eutaw Springs, Briar Creek and others. After the War he moved to Washington County, North Carolina (now Tennessee), and then to Greene, Knox, Anderson, Bledsoe and Hamilton Counties, Tenn. The arrears of his pension were paid to his children.

According to the 1835 TN Pension Roll, John Crawford was a resident of Hamilton County, Tennessee, and had served as a Private in the South Carolina Line ($46.66 Annual Allowance, $139.98 Amount Received, December 17 1833 Pension Started, Age 72).

* Armstrong states that he applied in Hamilton County, Tennessee, but "seems to have lived in Rhea at one time," whereas White states he applied in Rhea County. The 1835 Pension Roll shows him as a resident of Hamilton County.

Armstrong adds that he "also served in the War of 1812, enlisting in the Washington County Infantry. While he lived in Washington County he was a member of the Constitutional Convention of Tennessee and a member of the General Assembly of Tennessee. His descendants lived in the Graysville section of Hamilton County, Tennessee, although it is said in the family records that he died in Ross's Landing." She adds that he died after 1840 as he was also on the 1840 Pension List, by which time the village of Ross's Landing had been renamed Chattanooga, and that he married Mary Vernon, daughter of Alexander and Margaret CHESNEE Vernon, born in 1767 and that the marriage took place in Spartanburg, S. C. about 1782. "They had at least three children and possibly others. The oldest son, William Ayres Crawford. Another son, John Crawford. junior, born in Washington County, Dec. 16, 1809, entered the Confederate Army and died a prisoner at Camp Morton, Ind., April 10, 1862. Polly, a daughter of John Crawford and Margaret Chesnee Crawford married a White (probably Silas White)."


Armstrong, Zella, Some Tennessee Heroes of the Revolution, compiled from Pension Statements, Originally Published in Five Pamphlets in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1933, reprinted Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1975)

White, Virgil, Genealogical Abstracts of Revolutionary War Pension Abstract Files, National Historical Publishing Company, Waynesboro, 1990

The Annals of Tennessee to the End of the Eighteenth Century, J.G.M Ramsey, Walker and Jones, Charleston, SC, 1853, reprinted by the East Tennessee Historical Society, Knoxville, Tennessee, 1967.

Received from Lynn on 3 Oct 2003.

Dear Kathy,

*John Crawford, born 29 October 1762, Augusta Co. Va., enlisted Surry Co., N.C. was living in Rhea Co. at the time he applied for pension, but applied in Bledsoe as he'd lived there longer.

He was not a member of the Constitutional Convention for the state, was not a state senator, or a military officer, and he did not marry Mary Vernon.

The names of his parents, siblings, and wife are unknown, and only two of his children, William Ayres Crawford and Mary Ann (Polly) Crawford, wife of Silas White, are known.

Please correct the entry. The errors were discovered many years ago, but are found in print, and internet genealogists are reporting them as fact.

Thank You,
Lynn Huber

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