Camp Trousdale December 16, 1861; consolidated with 55th (McKoin's)
Tennessee Infantry April 18, 1862 to form 44th Consolidated Tennessee
Infantry; reorganized May 5, 1862; field consolidation with 25th
Tennessee Infantry October, 1863; paroled at Appomattox Courthouse
April 9, 1865.
- Coleman A. McDaniel
Colonel - Henry S. Shied
- J. Matt Johnson
CAPTAINS - W.P.
Cherry, Co. "A". Consolidated with "D" and "F" to form "D",
Consolidated Regiment. Men from Coffee County.
Parks, Co. "B". Consolidated with "C" to form "K", Consolidated
Regiment. Men from Coffee and Grundy Counties.
Henry S. Shied,
Gipson M.Crawford, Co. "C". Consolidated with "B" to form "K",
Consolidated Regiment. Men from Coffee County.
Co. "D". Consolidated with "A" and "F" to form "K", Consolidated
Regiment. Men from Franklin County.
McDaniel, Thomas M. Bell, Co. "E". Became "B", Consolidated Regiment.
Men from Lincoln County.
Co. "F". Consolidated with "A" and "D" to form "D", Consolidated
Regiment. Men from Coffee County.
Rhodes, Co. "G". Consolidated with "K" to form "F", Consolidated
Regiment. Men from Lincoln County.
Haggard, Co. "H". Consolidated with "I" to form "A", Consolidated
Regiment. Men from Bedford County.
Co. "I". Consolidated with "H" to form "A", Consolidated Regiment. Men
from Lincoln County.
David G. Smith,
Co. "K". Consolidated with "G" to form "F", Consolidated Regiment. Men
from Lincoln County.
- John H. Kelly, John S. Fulton
Colonel - John L. McEwen, Jr.
- John S. Fulton, Henry C. Ewin, Gipson M. Crawford.
Stiles, Thomas W. Tarpley Co. "A" (also called "D"). A consolidation of
"H" and "F" of 44th.
Spencer, Co. "B". Co. "E" of 44th plus some transfers from 41st (also
W.N. James, Co.
"C". A consolidation of James' and Dillehay's companies of the 55th
(also called "I").
Chandler, David A. Buckner, Co. "D" (also called "F"). A consolidation
of "A" , "D" and "F" of 44th.
Burnett, George T. Dodson, Co. "E". A consolidation of "F" and "H" of
55th plus transfers from 41st.
John S. Fulton,
Joel J. Jones, James L. Hogan, William H. Gibbs,'Co. "F". A
consolidation of "G" and "K" of 44th (also called "A").
Warner, Co. "G" (also called "B"). A consolidation of Bounds' and
Duggan's companies of 55th.
William Day, H.
B. Day, John W. Warmack, Co. "H". A consolidation of Day's and Joyner's
companies of 55th.
John H. Hunter, Co. "I" (also called "G"). A consolidation of "I" and
McEwen's company of the 55th.
Crawford, J. Robert Oliver, Co. "K". A consolidation of "B" and "C" of
Some of the
companies bore different letters in the interval between the first
consolidation and the final organization with election of regimental
officers. The letters shown are those used after the final
organization the regiment moved to Camp Hardee, Bowling Green,
Kentucky, where it was placed in Brigadier General S. A. M. Wood's
Brigade, along with the 7th Alabama, 5th, 7th, 8th, and a battalion
from the 9th Arkansas Infantry Regiments, and the 3rd Mississippi
Infantry Battalion. Following the fall of Fort Donelson February 16,
1862, the brigade fell back through Nashville to Murfreesboro, where on
February 23, 1862, the brigade was reported as composed of the
following units: 7th, 16th Alabama, 8th Arkansas, battalion from 9th
Arkansas, 27th, 44th, 55th Tennessee Infantry Regiments, the 3rd
Mississippi Battalion, two batteries, and Avery's Georgia Cavalry. The
brigade was placed in Brigadier General Gideon J. Pillow's Division,
but shortly Brigadier General T. C. Hindman took command of the
As part of this
division the brigade was engaged in the Battle of Shiloh April 6-7,
1862. General Wood, in his report, stated the 44th entered the battle
with 250 muskets. Doctor Noblitt, Assistant Surgeon for the regiment,
said in his account in Lindsley's Annals, that the 44th entered the
engagement with 470 men in line, and at roll call Tuesday morning,
April 9, 120 answered to their names. Colonel McDaniel and Lieutenant
Colonel Shied were both wounded, and Major Johnson had been absent from
the regiment for some time because of illness.
As a result, on
April 18, 1862, the 44th was permanently consolidated with the 55th
(McKoin's) regiment which had also suffered heavy losses, to form the
44th Tennessee Infantry Regiment Consolidated, or the 44th Tennessee
Infantry, 2nd Organization.
appointed by General Hardee were Colonel John H. Kelly, 3rd Arkansas
Battalion; Lieutenant Colonel John L.McEwen, from 55th Tennessee; Major
Henrv C. Ewin (or Ewen) from 55th Tennessee. After company officers
were elected, they were authorized by General Bragg to choose their own
field officers, and John S. Fulton, of the 44th, was elected to.
replace Colonel Kelly, but McEwen was continued as lieutenant colonel
and Ewin as major. Major Ewin was mortally wounded at the Battle of
Murfreesboro December 31, 1862, and Captain G. M. Crawford succeeded
him as Major. One company report stated Andrew Ewing was chosen major,
and Doctor Noblitt listed William Ewing, but it is believed these were
errors, as no Ewing was found in the muster rolls of the 44th
Consolidated Regiment, and it is believed Henry C. Ewin is the correct
On April 26 the
44th Consolidated was reported with 489 electives, in Wood's Brigade,
composed of the 16th Alabama, 8th Arkansas, 33rd Mississippi, 27th,
44th Tennessee Infantry Regiments, Avery's Georgia Dragoons, and the
Jefferson Light Artillery.
The brigade fell
back to Tupelo Mav 29; moved from Tupelo on July 27 for Chattanooga,
where Brigadier General Bushrod R, Johnson took command of the brigade
which was placed in Major General Simon B. Buckner's Division. It moved
up through the Sequatchie Valley for General Bragg's invasion of
Kentucky; was present at the surrender of Munfordville, Kentucky; and
engaged at the Battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862. At this time, the
brigade consisted of the 5th (9th) Confederate, 17th, 23rd, 25th, 37th,
and 44th Tennessee Regiments, plus Darden's Battery. The 44th had 43
casualties in this battle.
On November 22,
1862, Johnson's Brigade was reported as consisting of the 17th, 23rd,
37th and 44th Tennessee Regiments. The 17th, 23rd, and 44th continued
together until the end of the war.
In the Battle of
Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862, Johnson's Brigade was in Major General
Pat R. Cleburne's Division, and had been increased by the addition of
the 25th Tennessee Regiment. The 44th reported 509 men engaged, 174
killed, wounded and missing, including 19 out of 28 officers.
went into winter quarters at Tullahoma, remained there until April 22,
1863, when it moved to Wartrace; from there on May 24 to Fairfield; and
at Hoover's Gap June 24-25, 1863 was in Major General A. P. Stewart's
Division, Johnson's Brigade, in support of General William B. Bate's
Brigade formed the rear guard of Major General William J. Hardee's
Corps as it fell back in July from Tullahoma to Chattanooga, and the
44th was stationed around Loudon and Charleston until earlv in
September. At Loudon, on July 12, 1863, General Johnson reported that
104 men from the 44th had been left in Middle Tennessee by desertion
the regiment moved to Chickamauga, Georgia on September 8, and was
engaged in the Battle of Cbickamauga September 19-20, 1863, as part of
General Johnson's Provisional Division. Here Colonel Fulton was in
command of the brigade, and the 44th reported 113 casualties out of 294
engaged, including Lieutenant Colonel McEwen who was wounded. Prior to
the battle 56 barefoot men had been sent to the rear.
On October 31,
at Cherokee Springs, still in Stewart's Division, the brigade was
reported as composed of the 17th/23rd, and 25tb/44th Tennessee
Regiments. Here began a field consolidation with the 25th which was to
continue for the duration, although separate muster rolls were
maintained. On November 22, the brigade was transferred to Buckner's
Division, Lieutenant General Longstreet's Corps, for the invasion of
East Tennessee. On November 30, the 63rd Tennessee was reported as a
member of the brigade, and these five regiments constituted Johnson's
Brigade until the consolidation of Johnson's and Archer's brigades in
The 44th was
present at the assault on Fort Sanders, Knoxville, November 29, 1863;
moved to Rogersville; fought at Bean's Station December 14; moved to
Morristown January, 1864; to Dandridge January 15; to Lick Creek
February 29; to Midway March 1; from Midway on March 28 to Greeneville,
to Jonesboro, to Zollicoffer (now Bluff City), to Vance's Store; to
Abingdon, Virginia; left Abingdon April 22 for Richmond; fought at
Walthall Junction, Swift Creek and Drewry's Bluff in May, 1864; at
Petersburg June 15; and on June 18 was in the trenches outside of
In May, 1864 it
had been transferred to Beauregard's Department of North Carolina and
South Virginia, Major General Robert F. Hoke's Division, with Colonel
Fulton in command of the brigade.
On May 9, 1864,
125 men from the 44th, under Lieutenant Francis M. Kelso, were detailed
to man the heavy artillery at Fort Clifton, and engaged in a battle
with Federal gunboats which they drove off with considerable damage. On
May 16, at Drewry's Bluff, Lieutenant Colonel McEwen and Major McCarver
were mortally wounded, and command of the 25th/44th fell upon Captain
William N. James. In this engagement, he reported 95 casualties out of
250 electives engaged. Major Crawford also later died of wounds
On June 16,
Lieutenant Kelso and his company captured a number of prisoners and
three stands of colors, but on June 22 the colors of the 44th were
captured by the 48th Pennsylvania Infantry at Petersburg. On June 30,
Colonel Fulton was struck by a shell, and mortally wounded.
show the regiment at Signal Hill, Virginia, August 13, 1864; stationed
at Chaffin's Farm September and October; near Petersburg
November-December, 1864. No further details of the regiment's
activities were found, but in January, 1865, Johnson's and Arcber's
Brigades were consolidated under Colonel (later brigadier general)
William McComb, formerly of the 14th Tennessee. The lst Confederate,
7th and 14th Tennessee Regiments, and the 2nd Marvland Battalion were
the additions which formed the consolidated brigade.
On February 28,
1865 Captain Jonathan E. Spencer was reported in command of the
25th/44th. The regiment, as part of this brigade, Major General Heth's
Division, Lieutenant General A. P. Hill's Corps, was surrendered and
paroled with Lee's Army at Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865.