Lieutenant Colonel James E. Daniel
submitted by: Greg
The only record of this organization was found in Special Order Number
52, Adjutant and Inspector Generals Office at Richmond, Virginia, dated
March 3, 1865 which read as follows:
Companies of Tennessee Cavalry raised within the enemy lines by Captain
L. G. Mead under authority of the War Department are hereby organized
into a battalion to be known as the 27th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion:
Captains Jerome Root's, J.E. McColum's, J. C. Jenkins', J. P. Henley's,
Joel Cunningham's, J. T. Baxter's." The order went on to specify that
the Alabama companies raised under the same circumstance were to be
organized into a battalion known as the 25th Alabama Cavalry Battalion.
No muster rolls of the battalion organization were found, but these
companies were previously mustered as part of Mead's Cavalry, CSA, of
which no rolls are available in the Tennessee files. Their company
letters in Mead's Cavalry were as follows:
CAPTAINS-Joel Cunningham, Co. "B", Mead's Cavalry
J.E. McColum, Co. "D", Mead's Cavalry.
J.T. Baxter, Co. "H", Mead's Cavalry.
J.P. Henley, Co. "I", Mead's Cavalry. men from Grundy
J.C. Jenkins, Co. "K", Mead's Cavalry.
Jerome Root, Co. "L", Mead's Cavalry.
Captain L. C.
Mead was first reported on August 15, 1862, in command of Partisan
Rangers, when Major General E. Kirby Smith ordered him to operate in
North Alabama and Southern Tennessee, reporting to the general in
command nearest to him. Federal reports from that time until the end of
the war make frequent references to Mead's guerrillas, or bushwhackers,
operating in North Alabmaa and Middle Tennessee. One such report dated
May 27, 1864, said Mead's Regiment of Partisan Rangers, attached to
General Roddey's command, was in Franklin County, Tennessee with 500
well mounted men, many of whom had enlisted since the regiment entered
Tennessee. It is probable that some of the Tennessee companies were
enlisted at this time.
No record was
found of what happened to the battalion after it was organized except
for the fact that I. P Henley was paroled at Chattanooga May 16, 1865
as lieutenant colonel of the 28th Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. From this
it would appear that either Captain Henley's Company never reported to
the battalion, or that it was later transferred to the 28th Regiment of
which Captain Henley became lieutenant colonel.