4TH CAVALRY REGIMENT
This Regiment was organized at Cumberland Gap, in July 1862, from refugees who escaped to that notable rendezvous, from the bloody conscription of the Rebellion, which was rife throughout almost the entire State. On the 17th of the ensuing September it left that place under Gen. G.W. Morgan, arriving at Gallipolis, Ohio Nov 12 1862. Thence it moved to Louisville, arriving there in December, and performed scouting service throughout that month, until it was marched to Nashville Jan 20, 1863. There it did post and scout service until the 5th of September, when it was moved to Murfreesboro, doing like duty there up to December 23, 1863. It went with Gen. Wm. Sooy Smith on his expedition to West Point, Miss., and returned to Nashville, March 18, 1864. On the 19th of June it went to Decatur, Ala., and in July marched with Gen. Rousseau on his raid through Alabama, arriving at Marrietta, Ga., July 23, 1864. It accompanied Major-Gen. McCook on a raid south and west of Atlanta, in which it lost nearly all its horses and arms, in crossing the Chattahoochie River. It arrived at Marietta, August 2, 1864. By order of Maj-Gen. Thomas it returned to Decatur, Ala., on the 10th of August, and was assigned to post and scout duty under Gen. R.S. Granger, until August 19, when it was ordered to Nashville. About the 23d of August it was ordered to Pulaski, to meet the rebel General Forest, who was advancing on the Southern Cent- ral Railroad, followed by the rebel forces to the Tennessee River; shortly afterwards it returned to Nashville. On the 27th of November it marched to meet the rebel General, Hood who was advancing on his ill-fated expedition against Nashville, and participated in nearly all the battles of that memorable and glorious campaign; following the retreating enemy to Eastport, Miss. From Eastport it was ordered to the Gulf Department , and accompanied Gen. Canby through the Mobil campaign, after which it went to Baton Rouge. It arrived at Nashville, June 12, 1865. Company C was detached from December, 1863, to April, 1864, for duty at the Headquarters of the Twelfth Army Corps, at Tullahoma, Tenn. The other Companies served without intermission with the Regiment.
"Report of the Adjutant General's Office" Transcription Project
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