Organized as a battalion February 1862; increased to regiment April 1862; disbanded May, 1862.
This regiment had a short life, and little is known of it. It appears to have been organized as a battalion at Camp Cheatham with eight companies which had been mustered into Confederate Service between November, 1861, and January, 1862. A ninth company was added March 13, 1862, and it was constituted as a regiment in April, 1862. The original companies were as follows:
The battalion was at Camp Cheatham on February 14, 1862, as evidenced by a requisition for sabres, belts, and shotguns, signed by Lieutenant Colonel E. S. Smith.
It was next reported as being near Chattanooga on March 14, 1862. A report from a Federal scout dated April 6, 1862, placed Rankin's Company, 80 men, on the south side of the Tennessee River, opposite Bridgeport, Alabama.
The last record found was in instructions sent by Major General E. Kirby Smith to Brigadier General D. Leadbetter, commanding at Chattanooga, dated April 28, 1862: "Colonel Smith should be arrested on the first pretext, and his regiment placed under the command of an efficient officer. If this cannot be done, select the best companies and organize them into a battalion, and report the remaining ones that they may be dismounted or some other disposition made of them."
The regiment was disbanded, two of the companies were transferred to the 4th (Starnes') Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. A number of individuals from other companies later served in Alabama organizations.
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This unit history was extracted from Tennesseans in the Civil War, Vol 1. Copyrighted © 1964 by the “Civil War Centennial Commission of Tennessee” and is published here with their permission.
This history may not be republished for any reason without the written permission of the copyright owner.
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