The Artillery Corps of Tennessee was formed in May, 1861, a part of the Provisional Army of the State of Tennessee, which was then an independent state and not a part of the Confederacy. It was mustered into the Confederate service at New Madrid, Missouri, August 14, 1861, with the possible intention of including other companies as they were organized, but it was discontinued in May, 1862, and its component units gradually transferred into the Confederate organization.
Its field officers were Colonel John P. McCown, Lieutenant Colonel Milton A. Haynes, and Major Alexander P. Stewart. In Lindsley's Annals, Lieutenant Colonel Haynes gives a list of these field officers, and a list of the companies which composed the corps, with their respective commanders. These, appointed by Governor Harris, were submitted to the Legislature and by it confirmed, the field officers to take rank from May 17, 1861, the others on the dates shown after their names. Also shown in most cases were the commands or locations in which the various captains were serving, or to which they were ordered.
Battery commanders were:
Colonel Haynes states, "The above is a correct copy, as far as recollected, of field officers and captains of the Corps of Tennessee Artillery as filed by me in my communication on the 7th day of January, 1862, to Major General Leonidas Polk, to be by him submitted to the Honorable, the Secretary of War." General Polk's letter dealt with the transfer of Tennessee troops into the Confederate States Army
NOTE: All of the above batteries are listed in the unit histories to follow, under the name of the last captain to command the battery. Co. No.7, "The Steuben Artillery," was disbanded before being mustered into the Confederate service. Its guns and equipment were turned over to Captain J. W. Stewart, Co. No.15; many of its men were transferred to Co. No.3, Captain William H. Jackson. Captain W. Crane, commanding Co. No.12, appears as Walter O. Crain.
This unit history was extracted from Tennesseans in the Civil War, Vol 1. Copyrighted © 1964 by the “Civil War Centennial Commission of Tennessee” and is published here with their permission.
This history may not be republished for any reason without the written permission of the copyright owner.
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