MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS CONCERNING CAMPBELL COUNTY
Reprinted with Permission from Dallas Bogan.
1820 MANUFACTURERS IN CAMPBELL COUNTY
The 1820 Campbell County census consisted
of 13 establishments, seven of them distilleries. Some whiskey sold
for 37 1/2 cents per gallon, while other brews sold for 62 1/2 cents
per gallon. The lists of the producers are:
Jacob Queener - wool-carding factory, 1670 pounds of wool carded yearly;
market value of carded wool is $10 per hundred pounds; one man employed;
no yearly expenses.
Joseph Peterson - Saddler, harness maker,
etc. Used $300 worth of new materials; produced 15 saddles worth $20
each, 60 bridles worth $2 each, 2 sets of harness worth $60 per set,
50 collars worth $1.25 each; total value, $615; 2 men employed.
William H. Smith - whiskey. Consumed Grain,
costing $480; produced 2400 gallons of whiskey worth 62 1/2 cents per
gallon; one log still in use.
James Rice - distillery. Consumed 100
bushels of corn and rye costing $33.33 1/3; produced 300 gallons of
whiskey worth 37 1/2 cents per gallon. One man employed.
Rice & Snoderly - rifle factory. Consumed
400 pounds of iron; expenses $40 (?); produced 50 rifles worth $500;
2 men employed.
Conrad Sharp - distillery. Consumed 700
bushels of grain costing $233; produced 1400 gallons of whiskey worth
37 1/2 cents per gallon; one man employed; two stills in use.
John Roach - distillery. Consumed 200
bushels of grain; produced 400 gallons of whiskey worth 50 cents per
gallon; one man employed; one still in use.
Silas Williams - hat factory, used fur
costing $70; produced 70 "Casters" worth $10 each; one man
John Phillips - axes hoes, plows, horseshoe,
& wagon making factory. Used iron and steel costing $466; produced
100 axes worth $2.50 each, 200 hoes worth $2 each, 50 plows worth $8
(?) each, 30 chains, no value given; 500 horses shod at $1.25 each horse,
one wagon ironed at $1.50, two hands employed?
Sampson David - distillery of whiskey,
Consumed 360 bushels of grain costing 25 cents per bushel; produced
720 gallons of whiskey worth 62 1/2 cents per gallon; one man employed;
two stills in use.
Simpson & David - tan yard. Used 200
hides costing $300; market value of hides tanned, 600; two employees.
Thomas Wheeler - distillery. Consumed
545 bushels of grain costing $180; produced 945 gallons of whiskey worth
50 cents per gallon; one man employed; two stills in use.
Elisha Thomas - distillery. Consumed 150
bushels of grain costing $50; produced 300 gallons of whiskey worth
62 1/2 cents per gallon; one man employed; one still in use.
The Adams Law, which was passed by the
General Assembly in 1903, which prohibited the sale of liquors in towns
of 5,000 inhabitants or less. However, LaFollete was exempted from the
provisions of the prohibition laws until the General Assembly in 1909
passed a bill to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors anywhere
in Tennessee within four miles of a schoolhouse.
The following account concerning the
Jellico Coal system is taken from Hayden Siler's historical description
written in 1938. Since I can't possibly improve on his writings, I will
record it as he wrote it.
The second thing that had happened to
the small village of Smithburgh between 1878 and 1833 was the discovery
of coal in the nearby Jellico Mountains, and the opening of mines. Mining
began in 1882 and 1883 with the advent of the railroads.
The Jellico Coal Co., (later the Woolridge
Jellico Coal Co.) was actively developing the Jellico seam of coal in
1882, and shipped its first cars in 1883. The Standard Company opened
the same seam in 1883 and shipped its first car in January, 1884. Smithburgh
changed the name of its post office in August of 1883 because the Jellico
Coal was becoming so famous. Who named the seam of coal Jellico from
the mountain is not known, but it was probably some early geologist
or promoter. Just who first "discovered" the Jellico Coal
is not known, nor how the earliest promoters became interested in the
region. Suffice to say that Mr. B. R. Hutcharaft of Lexington, Ky.,
Col. Sam Woolridge of Versailles Ky., and a Mr.. Kidd, and John Oliver,
Horace, and James Fox of Bourbon County, Ky., were the earliest developers
of the Jellico Coal in the mines at Woolridge, Standard, Proctor (then
known as Red Ash), and Kensee, all of which mines were operating by
1885. Mr. Hutchcraft was also a geologist.
The Fox brothers were particularly interested
in the Proctor Coal Co., and it was while living there that John Fox,
Jr. the noted novelist got the inspiration for his novel, Mountain Europa
and characters for other novels. The Dupont family at one, time owned
Kensee, later selling it to Marcellus E. Thornton who was author of
"My Buddy and I" Col. Charles, F. Johnson was another early
promoter. After 1835 the growth of the town was rapid, with many new
mines opened in the vicinity. Crandall's report on Whitley County (Kentucky
Geological Survey, 1885) has said, "Of the coals in the measures
above the conglomerate division the bed known as the Jellico seam is
the most, important...The Jellico coal is already most favorably known
in the market, and the question of its extension and relation to the
surface features of the country has a corresponding importance. In its
relation to the topography of the hill region to which it is here limited,
it ranges from 200 to 400 feet above the main water courses...In this
region this bed is exceptionally persistent in its structural characteristics,
as it is as it is also in its composition, being unusually free from
excesses of ash and sulphur throughout... From the preceding-description
of the Jellico coal, with its regional extension, it will be seen that
it is a bed of great importance to the county, and to the coal trade...The
Jellico coal is recognized as a steam and a grate coal of the first
rank, and as such it has become the basis of one of the largest coal
mining interests in the state. The mining plants in operation here are
on a scale suited to a growing industry..."
The capacity of the five mining plants
is in excess of the railroad transportation provided, especially to
the southern markets. The increasing demand for this coal makes additional
transportation lines a necessity, the meeting of which will add greatly
to the industrial wealth of the county. In the same report Crandall
mentioned, "Below the Jellico seam 100 to 125 feet, in a portion
of the Whitley region, is a bed which will find a ready demand from
its free-burning qualities. It is known as the Birds-eye coal, from
the peculiar pitted fracture which it exhibits in unusual perfection
... The field for this coal is the Patterson Creek region, and the heads
of adjacent creeks, Big and Little Caney, Mud and Poplar Creeks."
Crandall's prophecy about this coal came true, the railroad to the Bird-Eye
camp was completed in 1893, and the camp enjoyed several years of prosperity
but has not completely disappeared.
In 1889 there was a strike of three months
duration in the Jellico coalfield, which was responsible for the shortage
of that year. The loss caused by the strike was estimated at 60,600
tons. In 1897 Whitley County fell from the second to fifth place in
the line of production due to another extended strike in the Jellico
district. The first strike was caused because the miners wanted a check
weighman; the strike of 1897 came about because of a reduction in the
price paid the miners, and was settled by a compromise with Bank rules
being agreed upon.