BLOOMERIES - EARLY IRON FORGES - WERE AMONG FIRST INDUSTRIES IN CAMPBELL COUNTY; EARLIEST WAS IN 1824
By Dallas Bogan
Reprinted with Permission from Dallas Bogan. This article was published in the LaFollette Press.
Iron manufacturing in Campbell County was one of its first industries. The iron was produced in bloomery forges. A description of bloomeries finds that they were small forges in which crude wrought iron could be produced directly from the ore. Charcoal was the ingredient used in the forges in which several men were employed in cutting the enormous oaks that were chopped into cord wood for the coal-hearths. History relates that waterpower was necessary for operation of the heavy machinery. Transporting of the iron was by mules or wagons to the eastern markets; some was sent to Kentucky and traded for salt.
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