Oak Ridge Tennessee
Oak Ridge is a city in Anderson and Roane counties in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Tennessee, about 25 miles (40 km) west of Knoxville. Oak Ridge’s population was 27,387 at the 2000 census. The portion of the city located in Anderson County is included in the Knoxville Metropolitan Area, while the portion located in Roane County is included in the Harriman, Tennessee Micropolitan Statistical Area; both of these areas are components of the Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette, TN Combined Statistical Area. Oak Ridge’s nicknames are the Atomic City, the Secret City, the Ridge and the City Behind the Fence.
Oak Ridge was established in 1942 as a production site for the Manhattan Project—the massive U.S. government operation that developed the atomic bomb. Scientific development still plays a crucial role in the city’s economy and culture in general.
In the 19th century, the Oak Ridge area saw the development of several rural farming communities, namely Edgemoor and Elza in the northeast, East Fork and Wheat in the southwest, Robertsville in the west, and Bethel and Scarboro in the southeast. The settlers who founded these communities first arrived in the late 1790s, when the Cherokee signed the Treaty of Holston, ceding what is now Anderson County to the United States.
Oak Ridge Links
- Back of Oak Ridge (By Grace Raby Crawford)
- Back of Oak Ridge (Part II)
- Back of Oak Ridge (Part III)
- Back of Oak Ridge (Part IV)
- Oak Ridge, Tennessee – History (D. Ray Smith)
- John Hendrix Prophecy (Oak Ridge Convention & Visitors Bureau)
- John Hendrix Memorial Prayer Walk